K J Docherty

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The evolution of chordate glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD; EC 4.1.1.15), a key enzyme in the central nervous system synthesizing the neurotransmitter gamma-amino-butyric acid (GABA) from glutamate, was studied. Prior to this study, molecular data of GAD had been restricted to mammals, which express two distinct forms, GAD65 and GAD67. These are the(More)
This study investigated the effect of water temperature on the synthesis of the amino acid neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). In goldfish, GABA stimulates the release of pituitary gonadotropin-II (GTH-II), which regulates gonadal function. Fish were maintained in water of 11, 18, or 24 degrees. In the female and male goldfish, GABA synthesis(More)
Testosterone and oestradiol can modulate GABA synthesis in sexually regressed goldfish. Here we investigated their effects on the mRNA expression of two isoforms of the GABA synthesizing enzyme glutamate decarboxylase (GAD(65) and GAD(67), EC 4.1.1.15). Full-length GAD clones were isolated from a goldfish cDNA library and sequenced. Goldfish GAD(65) encodes(More)
Glutamate decarboxylase (GAD), is a key enzyme in the central nervous system (CNS) that synthesizes the inhibitory neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) from glutamate. Our previous phylogenetic studies on the evolution of this enzyme indicates that there are at least two distinct forms: GAD65 and GAD67. They are the products of separate genes and(More)
Within the lesbian community there exists a common perception that lesbians comprise two types, "butch," having more masculine characteristics, and "femme," having more feminine characteristics. The present study investigated the question of whether these perceptions are reflected in different levels of the predominantly male hormone testosterone.(More)
An RNA-arbitrarily primed PCR differential display strategy was used to identify candidate genes in the pituitary that are up-regulated by endogenously activated gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) systems that may also be involved in the control of reproduction. Goldfish were injected with the GABA metabolism inhibitor gamma-vinyl-GABA (GVG), known for its high(More)
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