K. J. Caspersen

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We report the computational advances that have enabled the first micron-scale simulation of a Kelvin-Helmholtz (KH) instability using molecular dynamics (MD). The advances are in three key areas for massively parallel computation such as on BlueGene/L (BG/L): fault tolerance, application kernel optimization, and highly efficient parallel I/O. In particular,(More)
A possible mechanism for shock-induced failure in aluminium involves atomic vacancies diffusing through the crystal lattice and agglomerating to form voids, which continue to grow, ultimately resulting in ductile fracture. We employ orbital-free density functional theory, a linear-scaling first-principles quantum mechanics method, to study vacancy(More)
The properties of hydrogen-helium mixtures at Mbar pressures and intermediate temperatures (4000 to 10000 K) are calculated with first-principles molecular dynamics simulations. We determine the equation of state as a function of density, temperature, and composition and, using thermodynamic integration, we estimate the Gibbs free energy of mixing, thereby(More)
We present a method to identify transition states and minimum energy paths for martensitic solid-solid phase transformations, thereby allowing quantification of the activation energies of such transformations. Our approach is a generalization of a previous method for identifying transition states for chemical reactions, namely the climbing image-nudged(More)
Iron shows a pressure-induced martensitic phase transformation from the ground state ferromagnetic bcc phase to a nonmagnetic hcp phase at approximately 13 GPa. The exact transformation pressure (TP) and pathway are not known. Here we present a multiscale model containing a quantum-mechanics-based multiwell energy function accounting for the bcc and hcp(More)
We use molecular dynamics (MD) to simulate diffusion in molten aluminum-copper (AlCu) alloys. The self-diffusivities and Maxwell-Stefan diffusivities are calculated for AlCu mixtures using the Green-Kubo formulas at temperatures from 1000 to 4000 K and pressures from 0 to 25 GPa, along with additional points at higher temperatures and pressures. The(More)
The ground state crystal structure of Fe, ferromagnetic body-centered cubic (bcc), undergoes a stress-induced martensitic phase transformation to a hexagonally close-packed (hcp) structure. Both bcc and hcp have been observed to coexist over a large range deformations, such that the nonlinearities in the constitutive behavior of each phase need to be(More)
We model the growth of Ag films deposited on Ag(100) below 140K. Our recent VariableTemperature Scanning Tunneling Microscopy {VTSTM) studies reveal "smooth growth" from 120-140K, consistent with earlier diffraction studies. However, we also find rougher growth for lower temperatures. This unexpected behavior is modeled by describing the deposition dynamics(More)
We develop and analyze 1ϩ1-and 2ϩ1-dimensional ͑d͒ models for multilayer homoepitaxial growth of metal films at low temperatures (T), where intralayer terrace diffusion is inoperative. This work is motivated by recent variable-temperature scanning tunneling microscopy studies of Ag/Ag͑100͒ homoepitaxy down to 50 K. Adsorption sites are bridge sites in our(More)