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We have developed a new expression vector which allows efficient selection for transfectants that express foreign genes at high levels. The vector is composed of a ubiquitously strong promoter based on the beta-actin promoter, a 69% subregion of the bovine papilloma virus genome, and a mutant neomycin phosphotransferase II-encoding gene driven by a weak(More)
Two cell lines have been established from insulinomas obtained by targeted expression of the simian virus 40 T antigen gene in transgenic mice. These cell lines, designated MIN6 and MIN7, produce insulin and T antigen and have morphological characteristics of pancreatic beta cells. MIN6 cells exhibit glucose-inducible insulin secretion comparable with(More)
A mouse model of Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RTS) was generated by an insertional mutation into the cyclic AMP response element-binding protein (CREB)-binding protein (CBP) gene. Heterozygous CBP-deficient mice, which had truncated CBP protein (residues 1-1084) containing the CREB-binding domain (residues 462-661), showed clinical features of RTS, such as(More)
Neural crest cells are embryonic, multipotent stem cells that give rise to various cell/tissue types and thus serve as a good model system for the study of cell specification and mechanisms of cell differentiation. For analysis of neural crest cell lineage, an efficient method has been devised for manipulating the mouse genome through the Cre-loxP system.(More)
Basigin is a highly glycosylated transmembrane protein with two immunoglobulin-like domains. We generated mutant mice lacking the basigin gene (Bsg) by gene targeting. Bsg (-/-) embryos developed normally during preimplantation stages. However, the majority of Bsg (-/-) embryos died around the time of implantation. At this time, basigin mRNA was strongly(More)
Site-directed DNA integration has been achieved by using a pair of mutant lox sites, a right element (RE) mutant lox site and a left element (LE) mutant lox site [Albertet al. (1995)Plant J., 7, 649-659], in mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells. We established ES cell lines carrying a single copy of the wild-type lox Por LE mutant lox site as a target and(More)
We examined the promoter activity of the 1.3-kb chicken beta-actin gene sequence located between the 5' flanking region and the proximal region of the second exon. This promoter region showed higher promoter activity than the simian virus 40 (SV40) early promoter or the Rous sarcoma virus (RSV) long terminal repeat (LTR) as assayed by transient lacZ gene(More)
BACKGROUND Recent cDNA cloning of two homologous proteasome activators, PA28 alpha and PA28 beta, indicated the presence of a structurally related third protein, Ki antigen, but a functional relationship between Ki antigen and the two PA28 proteins is unknown. Accumulating evidence has implicated an important role for PA28 in the major histocompatibility(More)
Aromatase P450 (CYP19) is an enzyme catalysing the conversion of androgens into oestrogens. We generated mice lacking aromatase activity (ArKO) by targeted disruption of Cyp19 and report the characteristic features of the ArKO ovaries and uteri as revealed by histological and biochemical analyses. ArKO females were totally infertile but there were as many(More)
The enhancer of the rat ornithine transcarbamylase gene is located 11 kilobases upstream from the transcription start site and has been shown to be hepatoma cell-specific. Using transgenic mice, we showed that this enhancer is capable of activating transcription in a liver-specific manner, inverting the tissue specificity of the homologous promoter that is(More)