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A third subunit, the gamma chain, of the human interleukin-2 receptor (IL-2R) was identified, and a complementary DNA clone encoding this member of the cytokine receptor family was isolated. The gamma chain is necessary for the formation of the high- and intermediate-affinity receptors, which consists of alpha beta gamma heterotrimers and beta gamma(More)
ABSTRACT Two different pathotypes of Alternaria alternata cause Alternaria brown spot of tangerines and Alternaria leaf spot of rough lemon. The former produces the host-selective ACT-toxin and the latter produces ACR-toxin. Both pathogens induce similar symptoms on leaves or young fruits of their respective hosts, but the host ranges of these pathogens are(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether occurrence, characteristics, and progression of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are associated with polymorphism of the mannose binding lectin (MBL) gene and with serum MBL concentration. METHODS Codon 54 MBL gene polymorphism of 147 patients with SLE and 160 healthy controls was determined by polymerase chain(More)
The correlation between the functional and morphological maturation of the auditory pathway was studied in preterm and term infants, children and adults. As to the auditory brainstem response (ABR), peak latencies and I-V interpeak latencies (central transmission) gradually decreased during the third trimester and the first 2 years postnatally. The(More)
Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) is a key element in innate immunity with functions and structure similar to that of complement C1q. It has been reported that MBL deficiency is associated with occurrence of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We hypothesized that anti-MBL antibodies, if present, would affect the occurrence or disease course of SLE, by reduction(More)
ABSTRACT A gene (AcCreA) encoding a catabolite repression element (CreA) with (two zinc fingers of the Cys(2)His(2) type was isolated from the postharvest fungal pathogen Alternaria citri. The AcCreA overexpression mutant AcOEC2 of A. citri showed normal growth on pectin medium and on segments of peel or the juice sac area from citrus fruit. Production of(More)
It is often assumed that it is not possible to alter the properties of magnetic materials once they have been prepared and put into use. For example, although magnetic materials are used in information technology to store trillions of bits (in the form of magnetization directions established by applying external magnetic fields), the properties of the(More)
Collectins are a C-lectin family with collagen-like sequences and carbohydrate recognition domains. These proteins can bind to carbohydrate antigens of microorganisms and inhibit their infection by direct neutralization and agglutination, the activation of complement through the lectin pathway, and opsonization by collectin receptors. Here we report the(More)
The rough lemon pathotype of Alternaria alternata produces host-selective ACR-toxin and causes Alternaria leaf spot disease of rough lemon (Citrus jambhiri). The structure of ACR-toxin I (MW = 496) consists of a polyketide with an α-dihydropyrone ring in a 19-carbon polyalcohol. Genes responsible for toxin production were localized to a 1.5-Mb chromosome in(More)