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The finding that oxidative damage, including that to nucleic acids, in Alzheimer's disease is primarily limited to the cytoplasm of susceptible neuronal populations suggests that mitochondrial abnormalities might be part of the spectrum of chronic oxidative stress of Alzheimer's disease. In this study, we used in situ hybridization to mitochondrial DNA(More)
In this study we used an in situ approach to identify the oxidized nucleosides 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8OHdG) and 8-hydroxyguanosine (8OHG), markers of oxidative damage to DNA and RNA, respectively, in cases of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The goal was to determine whether nuclear and mitochondrial DNA as well as RNA is damaged in AD. Immunoreactivity with(More)
Recently, we demonstrated a significant increase of an oxidized nucleoside derived from RNA, 8-hydroxyguanosine (8OHG), and an oxidized amino acid, nitrotyrosine in vulnerable neurons of patients with Alzheimer disease (AD). To determine whether oxidative damage is an early- or end-stage event in the process of neurodegeneration in AD, we investigated the(More)
BACKGROUND Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) has been found to be associated with a type of gastric carcinoma (EBVaGC). However, many questions remain unanswered, such as epidemiology, and pathologic features of EBVaGC and the significance of EBV in the genesis of EBVaGC. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Gastric carcinoma and non-neoplastic mucosa were evaluated to reveal the(More)
We have isolated a novel cDNA, vesl, that was induced during convulsive seizure in the rat hippocampus. The vesl gene encodes a protein of 186 amino acids that has significant homology to the EVH1 domain of the VASP/Ena family of proteins implicated in the control of microfilament dynamics. The expression of vesl mRNA was induced in the granule cell layer(More)
Functional maturation of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor is executed by its gamma-to-epsilon subunit switching. The glycine receptor also has fetal (alpha 2) and adult (alpha 1) isoforms. However, whether subunit switching is responsible for developmental changes in glycine receptor function is not known. We recorded single-channel currents from(More)
The predictable chronological sequence of pathological events in Down syndrome (DS) provides the opportunity to rigorously investigate the relationship between oxidative stress and amyloid-beta (Abeta) deposition. In this study, we report a marked accumulation of oxidized nucleic acid, 8-hydroxyguanosine (8OHG), and oxidized protein, nitrotyrosine, in the(More)
A herpesvirus was isolated from Thomson's gazelle (Gazella thomsoni) kept at a zoological garden in Japan during an outbreak of epizootic acute encephalitis. The virus, gazelle herpesvirus 1 (GHV-1), was serologically related to equine herpesvirus 1 (EHV-1). However, DNA fingerprints of GHV-1 were different from those of EHV-1 and other equine(More)
Increased awareness for a role of oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease has highlighted the issue of whether oxidative damage is a fundamental step in the pathogenesis or instead results from disease-associated pathology. In vitro experiments support both possibilities: Oxidative stress increases amyloid-beta production, and,(More)
MT-4 cells persistently infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) (MT-4/HIV-1) were recently isolated (K. Ikuta, C. Morita, M. Nakai, N. Yamamoto, and S. Kato, Japan. J. Cancer Res. (Gann), 79, 418-423, 1988). Mouse hybridoma cell clones producing monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) to HIV-1 gag p24 and p18, and pol reverse transcriptase (RT) were(More)