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Immunization with specific proteins or peptides has been used to induce immunologic tolerance to allografts other than the lung. Recently, we have reported that the immune response to lung alloantigen also involves an immune response to type V collagen [col(V)]. The purpose of the current study was to determine if oral administration of col(V) to lung(More)
Regulatory T cells (Tregs) induced by oral tolerance may suppress immunity by production of TGF-beta that could also enhance Treg activity. However, all cells that are phenotypically Tregs in rats (CD4(+)CD45RC(high)-RC(high)) may not have regulatory function. Because Smad7 expression in T cells is associated with inflammation and autoimmunity, then lack of(More)
BACKGROUND We have reported that feeding type V collagen (col(V)) to lung allograft recipients induces immune tolerance that prevents acute lung allograft rejection. Repeated acute rejection is a risk factor for or associated with chronic rejection, known as bronchiolitis obliterans (BO), the leading cause of death in lung allograft recipients. The current(More)
We have reported that lung allograft rejection involves an immune response to a native protein in the lung, type V collagen (col(V)), and that col(V)-induced oral tolerance prevented acute and chronic rejection. In support of these findings col(V) fragments were detected in allografts during rejection, but not in normal lungs. The purpose of the current(More)
Perivascular and peribronchiolar tissues are targets of the immune response during lung allograft rejection. Collagen type V (col[V]) is located within these tissues. Col(V) may be major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-like, and MHC-derived peptides have been used to induce immunologic tolerance and prevent rejection in allografts other than the lung. The(More)
Obliterative bronchiolitis (OB) is the key impediment to the long-term survival of lung transplant recipients and the lack of a robust preclinical model precludes examining OB immunopathogenesis. In the current study, lungs from C57BL/10 H-2(b) mice that are MHC compatible, but minor histocompatability antigen incompatible, were transplanted into C57BL/6(More)
Acute lung allograft rejection is believed to be initiated by passenger leukocytes, such as alveolar macrophages (AM), in the donor organ, which release TNF-alpha, and present alloantigens to host lymphocytes, to up-regulated Th1 cellular and humoral immunity. However, the role of donor AM in local TNF-alpha synthesis, and their ability to induce local Th1(More)
RATIONALE The pathogenesis of primary graft dysfunction (PGD), a serious complication of lung transplantation, is poorly understood. Human studies and rodent models have shown that collagen type V (col[V]), stimulates IL-17-dependent cellular immunity after lung transplantation. OBJECTIVES To determine whether patients with end-stage lung disease develop(More)
Immunity to collagen V [col(V)] contributes to lung 'rejection.' We hypothesized that ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI) associated with lung transplantation unmasks antigenic col(V) such that fresh and well-healed lung grafts have differential susceptibility to anti-col(V)-mediated injury; and expression of the autoimmune cytokines, IL-17 and IL-23, are(More)
Interactions between antigen-presenting cells and T cells can result in T cell activation or suppression. With the use of RNA analysis, high-performance liquid chromatography, mixed leukocyte reactions (MLRs), and animal models, the current study reports that lung interstitial antigen-presenting cells (iAPCs, CDllc+) suppress T cell responses in vitro and(More)