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OBJECTIVE To determine the safety and efficacy of an exercise protocol designed to improve strength, mobility, and balance and to reduce subsequent falls in geriatric patients with a history of injurious falls. DESIGN A randomized controlled 3-month intervention trial, with an additional 3-month follow-up. SETTING Out-patient geriatric rehabilitation(More)
This study aims to determine the length of the gait initiation phase before achieving steady state walking in frail older people. Based on body fixed sensors, habitual walking was analysed in 116 community-dwelling older persons (mean age 83.1 years, 84% women). The start of steady state walking was identified using an algorithm taking into account speeds(More)
BACKGROUND Significant regression of coronary and femoral atherosclerotic lesions has been documented by angiographic studies using aggressive lipid-lowering treatment. This study tested the applicability and effects of intensive physical exercise and low-fat diet on coronary morphology and myocardial perfusion in nonselected patients with stable angina(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether older cognitively impaired people benefit from physical training with regard to motor performance or fall risk reduction and to critically evaluate the methodologic approach in identified randomized controlled intervention trials. DESIGN Published randomized controlled intervention trials from 1966 through 2004 were(More)
BACKGROUND It was the aim of this study to assess the long-term effects of physical exercise and low-fat diet on the progression of coronary artery disease. At the beginning of the study, 113 male patients with coronary artery disease were randomized to an intervention group (n=56) or a control group (n=57); 90 patients (80%) could be reevaluated after 6(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was designed to define the effect of different levels of leisure time physical activity on cardiorespiratory fitness and progression of coronary atherosclerotic lesions in unselected patients with coronary artery disease. BACKGROUND It has been shown in various studies that regression of coronary atherosclerotic lesions can be(More)
OBJECTIVES The present study was designed to evaluate the effect of an ambulatory training program on ultrastructural morphology and the oxidative capacity of skeletal muscle and its relation to central and peripheral hemodynamic variables in patients with chronic heart failure. BACKGROUND Clinical evidence supports the hypothesis that exercise(More)
The German version of the Falls Efficacy Scale-International Version (FES-I), which is presented, was developed for the documentation of fall-related selfefficacy in older persons by a EU-funded expert network (Prevention of Falls Network Europe ProFaNE). The FES-I represents a modification of the original Falls Efficacy Scale (FES), including additional(More)
For the prevention of diseases and especially functional deficits in old age, physical activity is a simple, practicable and successful method. With increasing age and frailty or in rehabilitation training, these activities have to be more and more individualized and medically supervised. The paper defines from today's viewpoint suitable activities and the(More)
This intervention program tested the applicability and effects of intensive physical exercise and a low fat diet on progression of coronary atherosclerotic lesions and stress-induced myocardial ischemia in patients with stable angina pectoris. Eighteen patients participated in this program for 1 year; they consumed a low fat, low cholesterol diet (less than(More)