K H Meier-Ewert

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The cephalometric analysis of two groups: 30 sleep apnoea patients, and 30 age- and sex-matched control patients, established predictors for the orthopaedic mandibular advancement by means of the Esmarch device (ED) in treating obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). Polysomnographic sleep and ventilation data gathered for each patient with and without mandibular(More)
In this paper the first MHC data including HLA-A, B, C, DR, DQ and complement BF, C4A, C4B determinants in German narcoleptics are presented together with the first family studies in European Caucasoids. 57 out of 58 unrelated patients (98.3%) were positive for DR2 and DQw1, respectively. In contrast to all other reports, one patient with typical signs of(More)
We investigated in vivo D2 receptor binding using 11C-raclopride and PET in the striatum of 17 subjects with the narcoleptic syndrome. Putamen and caudate nucleus 11C-raclopride uptake was comparable in the total patient group and controls, and the tracer uptake was similar in the HLA-DR2-positive (n = 12) and HLA-DR2-negative (n = 5) narcoleptic subjects.(More)
In an attempt to detect disease-associated genetic variations and/or exogenously induced alterations in DR2 haplotypes of narcolepsy patients, primed lymphocytes (PLs) were generated in nine families against DR2 haplotypes of narcolepsy patients and healthy family members. Twenty-four PL reagents were obtained and restimulated by cells of unrelated(More)
Five subjects--four men, ages 17-28, and one woman, age 30--with Kleine-Levin syndrome were investigated during symptomatic (SP) and asymptomatic (ASP) periods. Investigations comprised medical history, MRI, polysomnography, 24-hour hormone profile of human growth hormone, melatonin, TSH, cortisol and FSH (in the woman only) assessed every 2 hours,(More)
Bright white light (500lx) for 4 h/day was applied to seven narcoleptic patients (age 47-65 years, mean 55 years). The effects of the light on the disturbed sleep-wake cycle in narcoleptics were investigated by the measurement of the following parameters: (1) excessive daytime sleepiness and sustained attention (multiple sleep latency test); (2)(More)
Seventeen unmedicated patients with narcolepsy-cataplexy and 17 age- and sex-matched controls were recorded polygraphically for 3 consecutive nights. Rapid eye movements (REMs), m. mentalis twitches and sawtooth waves in the EEG were visually scored. REM and twitch densities during REM sleep were significantly higher in the patients than in the controls.(More)
Fifteen unmedicated narcoleptic patients with and without sleep-onset REM period (SOREMP) were compared with 16 unmedicated, age-and-sex-matched control subjects with respect to polygraphic, core body temperature and motor activity recordings. Whereas narcoleptic patients with SOREMPs had significantly more quiet wakefulness during sleep, those without(More)