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The phenomenon of ultraweak photon emission from living systems was further investigated in order to elucidate the physical properties of this radiation and its possible source. We obtained evidence that the light has a high degree of coherence because of (1) its photon count statistics, (2) its spectral distribution, (3) its decay behavior after exposure(More)
A silicon-on-insulator (SOI) micro-electromechanical system (MEMS) accelerometer, complementary Metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) readout circuit and simultaneous hermetic encapsulation using low temperature Cu-Cu bonding are investigated for 3D heterogeneous integration of MEMS and CMOS. The MEMS accelerometer is fabricated using bulk micromachining(More)
By comparing the theoretically expected results of photon emission from a chaotic (thermal) field and those of an ordered (fully coherent) field with the actual experimental data, one finds ample indications for the hypothesis that ‘biophotons’ originate from a coherent field occurring within living tissues. A direct proof may be seen in the hyperbolic(More)
Ultraviolet laser radiation has been adopted in a wide range of applications as diverse as water purification, flexible displays, data storage, sterilization, diagnosis and bioagent detection. Success in developing semiconductor-based, compact ultraviolet laser sources, however, has been extremely limited. Here, we report that defect-free disordered AlGaN(More)
3D integration has been widely recognized as the next generation of technology for integrated microsystems with small form factor, high bandwidth, low power consumption, and possibility of heterogeneous More-than-Moore integration. Heterogeneous integration of MEMS and CMOS is critical in future development of multi-sensor data fusion in a low-cost chip(More)
Micro-Raman scattering and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy were employed to investigate Mg-doped GaN nanowires. With the increase of Mg doping level, pronounced Mg-induced local vibrational modes were observed. The evolution of longitudinal optical phonon-plasmon coupled mode, together with detailed X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy studies, show that the(More)
Vertical thin-film light-emitting diodes (LEDs) with integrated micro-mesh arrays are reported. By removing the sapphire substrate through laser lift-off, vertical current conduction becomes possible, improving current spreading capability and thus electrical properties. Compared with the as-grown device, the thin-film micro-mesh LEDs emits 61% more optical(More)
The polarization behavior of light emission from InGaN light-emitting diodes (LEDs) with nanosphere opal coatings has been studied. The close-packed nanosphere opal films are self-assembled with 220-nm polystyrene nanospheres onto the LEDs. The optical transmission properties of transverse electric and transverse magnetic polarized light have been measured(More)
III-nitride nanorings fabricated from a combination of hybrid-nanosphere-lithography and laser lift-off processes is demonstrated. Being formed on an interfacial metallic layer optically coupling between the optical ring and its substrate is eliminated, maximizing optical confinement of whispering gallery resonant mode within the ring cavity. The tapered(More)