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We propose a two-stage hierarchical arti®cial neural network for the segmentation of color images based on the Kohonen self-organizing map (SOM). The ®rst stage of the network employs a ®xed-size two-dimensional feature map that captures the dominant colors of an image in an unsupervised mode. The second stage combines a variable-sized one-dimensional(More)
We propose a new competitive-learning neural network model for colour image segmentation. The model, which is based on the adaptive resonance theory (ART) of Carpenter and Grossberg and on the self-organizing map (SOM) of Kohonen, overcomes the limitations of (i) the stability–plasticity trade-offs in neural architectures that employ ART; and (ii) the lack(More)
CYP1A2, CYP2D6 and N-acetyltransferase activities were estimated in 100 patients with bladder cancer and 84 control subjects from measurements of theophylline, metoprolol and isoniazid and their metabolites in urine, respectively. The frequency of occurrence of slow acetylators of isoniazid and poor metabolizers of metoprolol were 16.7% and 1.2% in the(More)
In many finite element modelling problems such as shell analysis, structural considerations require simplification of the solid model. The detailed geometry of large components or structures is often too complex to use with current computer technology. Even for not too complex models, there is usually a requirement for the rapid analysis of idealised models(More)
A high-temperature superconductor (HTS) was used on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) receiver coils to improve image quality because of its intrinsic low electrical resistivity. Typical HTS coils are surface coils made of HTS thin-film wafers. Their applications are severely limited by the field of view (FOV) of the surface coil configuration, and the(More)
Veno-occlusive disease (VOD) of the liver is a clinical syndrome characterized by hyperbilirubinemia, painful hepatomegaly, and fluid retention. In the bone marrow transplantation (BMT) setting, VOD is caused by dose-intensive chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy used to prepare patients for transplant. VOD occurs in up to 50% of the patients who undergo BMT(More)
CSPs and GENET Constraint satisfaction problems (CSPs) can be used to model problems in a wide variety of application areas, such as timetable scheduling, bandwidth allocation, and car-sequencing 2]. To solve a CSP means nding appropriate values for its set of variables such that all of the speciied constraints are satissed. Almost all CSPs have exponential(More)