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Inaccurate femoral tunnel placement has been identified as one of the most frequent errors in failed anterior cruciate ligament reconstructions. Most surgeons evaluate the femoral tunnel position on plain radiographs but in a lot of cases it is difficult to detect the femoral tunnel. The goal of this study was to compare plain digital radiographs and(More)
BACKGROUND The Iceman is a prehistoric, completely preserved, 5300-year-old male human mummy. OBJECTIVE To obtain the first biopsy specimens from inside the Iceman while meeting an extended standard of hygiene and following precise intraoperative guidance to the site of biopsy and keeping tissue damage to a minimum. DESIGN Biopsy specimens from the(More)
UNLABELLED We conducted a randomized, controlled, crossover study to determine cervical spine motion for six airway management techniques in human cadavers with a posteriorly destabilized third cervical (C-3) vertebra. A destabilized C-3 segment was created in 10 cadavers (6-24 h postmortem). Cervical motion was recorded by continuous lateral fluoroscopy.(More)
Computer assisted navigation-based surgery is a novel and interesting challenge for todays surgeons. One must however keep in mind, that the indications for these techniques (a) should be carefully considered, (b) used only if morbidity is not increased and (c) when previously problematic or inacurate surgical methods can be improved upon. This study(More)
Treatment principles of osteochondral lesions of the talus usually consist of debridement of the chondral part and methods that attempt to stimulate revascularization of the necrotic bony part of the lesion. The latter is mostly achieved through multiple drilling of the subchondral zone. Dorsomedial talar dome lesions are frequently inaccessible with(More)
The male human body found in an Alpine glacier on September 19, 1991 ("Tyrolean Iceman") has, for the first time in history, given scientists a chance to perform detailed anatomical, histological, and molecular investigations on the organs of a person from the Neolithic Age (5350-5100 B.P.). In the present study, tissue samples aseptically taken from the(More)
Skin and soft tissue necrosis of the heel are the main problems following open reposition and fixation of calcaneal fractures. In order to demonstrate how the classic approaches harm the supplying vessels, the classic medial, lateral, enlarged lateral and bilateral approaches have been simulated in ten lower limbs prepared by arterial latex injection. Bases(More)
The 5,200-year-old Tyrolean Ice Man discovered in 1991 in the Otztal Alps is the world's most ancient known human glacier mummy. Histological investigation was aimed at 1) optimizing specimen preparation and 2) documenting the preservation state of (sub)cellular components. Minute pieces of frozen tissue were removed endoscopically from rib bone and(More)
BACKGROUND Anatomic graft tunnel placement is reported to be essential in double-bundle posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction. A measurement system that correlates anatomy and radiographs is lacking so far. PURPOSE To define the femoral and tibial attachments of the anterolateral (AL) and posteromedial (PM) bundles and to correlate them with(More)
The posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) can be anatomically divided into three bundles: anterolateral, posteromedial, and posterior oblique. The changes in distance between the femoral and tibial attachment sites of these three bundles were measured in 10 human knee specimens with intact ligamental structures. The femoral to tibial distance (and thus the(More)