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Characteristic calcium signals were analyzed in structures of three cell types of the root cap of cress: statocytes, meristematic cells and secretion cells. Twenty-four hour-old roots were fixed with glutaraldehyde (postfixed with osmiate/potassium bichromate) or with potassium permanganate. No visible precipitates were formed, but calcium signals typical(More)
Two different modes of energy-filtering transmission electron microscopy (EFTEM) are often used for element microanalysis: electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS) and electron spectroscopic imaging (ESI). A new approach was developed which we call Image-EELS. This procedure was realized with the commercially available standard equipment of the(More)
The energy-filtering electron microscopical modes of electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS) and electron spectroscopic imaging (ESI) have been applied to the cytochemical detection of Ca(2+)-ATPase activity in synaptic terminals in the brain of a cichlid fish. Using a recently developed modification of an enzyme-histochemical method, cerium phosphate was(More)
PURPOSE To obtain more information on the basic nature of the pathological matrix product accumulating in pseudoexfoliation (PEX) syndrome by analyzing its elemental composition at the subcellular level. METHODS Energy-filtering transmission electron microscopy (EFTEM), combining the two microanalytical techniques of electron spectroscopic imaging (ESI)(More)
By means of newly developed electron microscopical techniques (electron spectroscopic imaging, ESI; electron energy loss spectroscopy, EELS; immunogold labelling) a specific accumulation of endogenous calcium within the synaptic cleft and a distinct localization of a high-affinity Ca(2+)-ATPase at the inner sides of the pre- and postsynaptic membrane of(More)
On the basis of quantitative disturbances of the swimming behaviour of aquatic vertebrates ("loop-swimming" in fish and frog larvae) following long-term hyper-g-exposure the question was raised whether or not and to what extent changes in the gravitational vector might influence the CNS at the cellular level. Therefore, by means of histological,(More)
The patterns of the anterior lateral-line afferents of Lampetra fluviatilis as revealed by transganglionic transport of horseradish peroxidase are described. The afferents form two roots in entering the rhombencephalon. Fibers of the dorsalmost root can be traced to a short dorsal fascicle which runs along the dorsal nucleus. The ventral roots form two(More)
High-affinity Ca2(+)-ATPase activity in the optic tectum of the brain of cichlid fish was cytochemically localized using cerium ions to precipitate phosphate. Activation of the enzyme with micromolar instead of millimolar calcium concentrations (i.e., physiological cytoplasmic instead of extracellular concentrations) resulted in intracellular localization(More)
Electron microscopy of nervous tissue requires on the one hand nanometre resolution for the analysis of fine structures of nerve cell contacts, for instance synaptic vesicles, synaptic membranes and associated organelles. On the other hand, the visualization of the three-dimensional organization of nervous tissue on the level of dendrites and neurites is(More)
Cichlid fish larvae were reared from hatching to active free swimming under different gravity conditions: natural environment, increased acceleration in a centrifuge, simulated weightlessness in a clinostat and near weightlessness during space flight. Cytochrome oxidase activity was analyzed semiquantitatively on the ultrastructural level as a marker of(More)