K. -H. Graefe

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On the isolated nictitating membrane of the cat the supersensitivity to catecholamines induced by hydrocortisone was compared with the ability of hydrocortisone to block the extraneuronal uptake and metabolism of catecholamines. 1. Supersensitivity to catecholamines was induced by hydrocortisone whenever the ED50 for the catecholamine (in the absence of(More)
1. The uptake and O-methylation of 3H-(±)isoprenaline was studied in slices of the rat submaxillary gland. 2. The initial uptake of 3H-isoprenaline after inhibition of catechol-O-methyl transferase (COMT) was described by a single saturable process with relatively high K m (311 μM) and V max (101 nmoles·g−1·min−1). Both corticosterone and normetanephrine(More)
1. Hearts of cats and rabbits were perfused at a constant rate with 3H-(−)noradrenaline for 60–120 min. During the perfusion the rate of net removal of 3H-noradrenaline from the perfusion fluid and the rate of efflux of 3H-metabolites from the hearts were followed. From these results and from the amount of 3H-metabolites recovered from the hearts (at the(More)
The pharmacokinetics of ciprofloxacin (Bay o 9867) was examined after a single oral dose of 250 mg and a single intravenous dose of 100 mg respectively in six healthy male volunteers in an open, randomized crossover study. Although ciprofloxacin concentrations were measured in serum, plasma and urine by HPLC with fluorimetric detection and by(More)
1. Hearts were obtained from normal or reserpine-pretreated rabbits and perfused at a constant rate (3.6 ml·g−1·min−1) with Tyrode's solution containing 14C- or 3H-sorbitol and various concentrations of 3H-(−)noradrenaline (NA), 14C-(+)NA or 3H-(±)metaraminol; when NA was used, monoamine oxidase and catechol-O-methyl transferase were inhibited. During(More)
The total body clearance and fractional extraction of isoprenaline (ISO) have been determined, and the relation between these parameters and cardiac output established. Whether desipramine, an inhibitor of neuronal uptake, altered the plasma catecholamine response to ISO was also investigated. Seven healthy subjects were given i.v., infusions of ISO in two,(More)
Antecubital venous blood was sampled at rest and during orthostasis or supine bicycle exercise. The plasma was analyzed for noradrenaline and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylethyleneglycol (DOPEG) by HPLC. Orthostasis resulted in increases in plasma concentrations of both noradrenaline and DOPEG. The magnitude of changes in both was dependent on the degree of(More)
1,1′-Diethyl-2,2′-cyanine (decynium22) and 1,1′-diisopropyl-2,4′-cyanine (disprocynium24) are highly potent inhibitors of the extraneuronal monoamine transporter. When given as i.v. bolus injections (4 μmol kg−1) to anaesthetized rabbits, both drugs elicited a transient fall in blood pressure without altering heart rate. The observed maximum fall in(More)
1. Pairs of smooth muscles isolated from the nictitating membrane of reserpine-pretreated cats were incubated four times with 1.2 ml of Krebs' solution containing 10 ng/ml of 3H-(±)-noradrenaline for 7.5 min each (in the presence of ascorbic acid and EDTA to prevent autoxidation and of U-0521 to block COMT). The appearance of deaminated 3H-catechols in the(More)
1. The carrier-mediated transport of 3H-noradrenaline out of noradrenergic neurones was studied in vasa deferentia obtained from rats after pretreatment with reserpine and pargyline (to inhibit vesicular storage and monoamine oxidase, respectively). The tissue was first preincubated with various concentrations of 3H-noradrenaline (0.3–100 μmol/l; 30 min)(More)