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In the intracellular environment, signaling takes place in a nonideal environment that is spatially heterogeneous and that is noisy, with the noise arising from the low copy numbers of the signaling molecules involved. In this paper, we model intracellular signaling pathways as stochastic reaction-diffusion processes and adapt techniques commonly used by… (More)

In this paper, we study the oscillatory dynamics of intracellular signaling cascades. We derive a reaction-diffusion model of the mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade, and use it to show how oscillations of the protein kinase concentrations can occur as a function of the depth of the cascade. We find that only cascades with depths of three or more… (More)

We have developed a three-dimensional random network model of the intracellular actin cytoskeleton and have used it to study the role of the cytoskeleton in mechanotransduction and nucleus deformation. We use the model to predict the deformation of the nucleus when mechanical stresses applied on the plasma membrane are propagated through the random… (More)

We describe a numerical procedure to construct a modified velocity field that does not have any mean flow. Using this procedure, we present two results. First, we show that, in the absence of the mean flow, spiral defect chaos collapses to a stationary pattern comprising textures of stripes with angular bends. The quenched patterns are characterized by mean… (More)

To understand how spatiotemporal chaos may modify material transport, we use direct numerical simulations of the three-dimensional Boussinesq equations and of an advection-diffusion equation to study the transport of a passive tracer by the spiral defect chaos state of a convecting fluid. The simulations show that the transport is diffusive and is enhanced… (More)

We have used quantitative modeling of signaling networks to show that the mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade — a highly-conserved signaling network in eukary-otes — can functions as a low-pass filter by amplifying low-frequency oscillations and attenuating high-frequency oscillations. This filtering function of the kinase cascade is in addition to… (More)

The coarsening and wave number selection of striped states growing from random initial conditions are studied in a nonrelaxational, spatially extended, and far-from-equilibrium system by performing large-scale numerical simulations of Rayleigh-Bénard convection in a large-aspect-ratio cylindrical domain with experimentally realistic boundaries. We find… (More)

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