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After mechanical injury of a peripheral nerve some axotomized afferent neurons develop spontaneous activity, which is thought to trigger abnormal pain behavior in rats and neuropathic pain in humans. Here, we analysed the ectopic activity in axotomized afferent fibers recorded from the L5 dorsal root in different time periods after L5 spinal nerve lesion(More)
1. Spontaneous activity and ectopic mechanical excitability of axotomized unmyelinated and myelinated fibers in the sural nerve were examined in anesthetized rats. The analysis was performed within 30 h after the nerve lesion using single-fiber recordings that were performed proximal to the severed nerve end. 2. Among all unmyelinated fibers tested (n =(More)
A few hours after peripheral axons of cutaneous afferent neurons have been transected, some of their novel endings become excitable by physical or chemical stimuli. It has been assumed that these axon endings preferentially respond to those stimuli which have excited their previous receptive endings. We studied the prevalence of sensory properties among 784(More)
In male Wistar rats, the left ventral ramus of the L5 spinal nerve (RvL5) was cut, and animals were tested for allodynia-like behaviour in response to mechanical stimuli which were applied with von Frey hairs (4.3-205 mN) to the plantar skin of the hindpaw supplied by the intact L4 spinal nerve. After surgery, allodynia-like behaviour was evoked prominently(More)
1. Thermosensitivity of axotomized myelinated and unmyelinated fibers in the sural nerve was examined in anesthetized rats within 24 h after nerve ligation and transection. Activity in single fibers was recorded extracellularly from small filaments dissected from the nerve approximately 20-30 mm proximal to the lesioned site. Cold and warm stimuli were(More)
Many axotomized myelinated as well as unmyelinated cutaneous nerve fibers are sensitive to mechanical stimuli applied to the cut nerve end within a few hours after nerve lesion. Here we investigated the influence of inflammatory mediators on this ectopic mechanosensitivity after cutting and ligating the sural nerve in anesthetized rats. Neural activity was(More)
We studied the prolonged injury discharge in axotomized myelinated (A) and unmyelinated (C) nerve fibres within the first 15 min following sural nerve transection of the rat. Immediately after axotomy, 18% (22/122) of the C fibres generated action potentials, but none of 73 A fibres. This discharge ceased during the first 2 min after axotomy in most of the(More)
The direct consequences of a peripheral nerve injury at the lesion site itself are often twofold: axons of afferent (and efferent) nerve fibres are transected and the tissue surrounding the nerve injury site is inflamed. Recent studies have shown that a few hours after nerve transection, axotomised myelinated (A) and unmyelinated (C) afferents may respond(More)
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