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A simple and efficient method for synthesizing pure single stranded RNAs of virtually any structure is described. This in vitro transcription system is based on the unusually specific RNA synthesis by bacteriophage SP6 RNA polymerase which initiates transcription exclusively at an SP6 promoter. We have constructed convenient cloning vectors that contain an(More)
To study the regulation of the human beta-interferon (beta-IFN) gene by poly(I)-poly(C), we analyzed the expression of deletion mutants of the cloned gene introduced into mouse cells on a new bovine papilloma virus (BPV) vector. In stable cell lines transformed by a BPV-IFN plasmid containing the beta-IFN structural gene with 210 bp of DNA to the 5' side of(More)
beta-Interferon (beta-IFN) gene expression can be induced by poly(I)-poly(C) or virus, but there is considerable variation in the extent of induction between different cell lines. We characterized two poorly inducible human cell lines, HeLa and 143 thymidine kinase negative (143 tk-), to define cellular factors involved in the activation of the beta-IFN(More)
A recombinant murine retrovirus containing the intact cDNA sequence for the simian virus 40 (SV40) large T antigen (T) was constructed by using the pZIPNeo SV(X)1 vector. Psi 2 packaging cells were then transfected, and G418-resistant clones were used to generate helper-free viral stocks. NIH 3T3 mouse fibroblasts infected by the recombinant T cDNA(More)
Hepatic sequestration of systemically administered adenoviral vectors reduces the number of viral particles available for delivery to other tissues. The biological basis of this phenomenon was investigated using a new in vivo technique which permitted imaging in real time. Recombinant adenovirus serotype 5 knob (Ad5K) was radiolabeled with the gamma-emitter(More)
The effect of complement on transgene expression was evaluated in vivo and in vitro using mice lacking complement components. Complement component 3 (C3) deficient mice (C3−/−) and appropriate wild-type controls were intravenously injected with a replication incompetent, luciferase-expressing normal Ad5 (Ad5Luc1), or fibritin-fiber Ad5 (Ad5FFLuc1).(More)
The protein kinase inhibitor 2-aminopurine (2AP) blocks the induction of the human beta-interferon gene by virus or poly(I)-poly(C) at the level of transcription. This inhibition is specific, since 2AP does not inhibit induction of either the hsp70 heat-shock gene by high temperature or the metallothionein gene by cadmium or dexamethasone. However, 2AP does(More)
We have begun to explore the downstream signaling pathways of receptor protein tyrosine phosphatases (RPTPs) that control axon guidance decisions in the Drosophila central nervous system. We have focused our studies on the adhesion molecule-like gp150 protein, which binds directly to and is an in vitro substrate for the RPTP DPTP10D. Here we show that gp150(More)