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Exposure of primary rat hepatocytes and human HepG2 cells to allicin and ajoene resulted in the concentration-dependent inhibition of cholesterol biosynthesis at different steps of this metabolic pathway. At low concentrations of ajoene sterol biosynthesis from [14C]acetate in rat hepatocytes was decreased by 18% with an IC50-value of 15 microM, while(More)
A procedure for the determination of nucleotide pools in plant tissue by HPLC is described. Sample preparation includes the extraction with 0.4 M HClO4, a purification step, which proved to be essential, on a disposable prepacked phenyl-bonded column, neutralization by KOH, and concentration by freeze-drying. The determination of a broad spectrum of(More)
An approach is described for evaluation of the specificity of basic polypeptides concerning the base pair composition of DNA. The polypeptides were covalently bound to CNBr activated agarose and two DNAs strongly different in base composition but of equal molecular weight were loaded and detached by a NaCl gradient. The difference in the NaCl(More)
Suspension cultured cells of Catharanthus roseus rapidly consume the inorganic phosphate of the medium and incorporate about 25% of it into their phospholipids. By three different methods of analysis it was shown that from these plant cells phosphorylated phosphatidylinositol species can be extracted; the mono- and diphosphorylated species were detected in(More)
The alpha-amino group of clupeine fraction Z from herring sperm was coupled with fluorescein. Binding of the labeled protamine by DNA is accompanied by significant fluorescence quenching up to 80%. This allowed the convenient determination of the binding behavior of protamine and DNA. Binding was found to be strongly cooperative and not be significantly(More)
Extraction of Nicotiana tabacum cell cultures, chromatography on DEAE-cellulose and gel filtration resulted in a homogeneous protein (Mr = 14500), which strongly reduces the hydrolysis of Escherichia coli DNA by DNase I. DNA degradation by micrococcal nuclease is not inhibited. The inhibitor protein interacts with DNase I in the absence of DNA, as(More)
The second messenger-independent acidic peptide-specific protein kinase II (casein kinase II) from the cytosol of porcine liver has been purified to apparent homogeneity by using DEAE-cellulose, hydroxyl apatite, and phosphocellulose chromatography. The native enzyme has an apparent Mr of 150,000. After sodium dodecyl sulfate-gel electrophoresis a band of(More)
Ajoene (4,5,9-trithiadodeca-1,6,11-triene-9-oxide), a garlic-derived natural compound, which had been shown to have cytostatic/cytotoxic properties, was tested with a B cell lymphoma-derived cell line (BJA-B cells) in order to elucidate its mechanism of cytotoxic action. Viability of the cells was determined by the Trypan blue exclusion test and the(More)