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In order to elucidate the NAD-recycling pathway the following enzyme activities have been characterized in different tobacco tissues and in tomato root: NAD pyrophosphatase, nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN)/nicotinic acid mononucleotide (NaMN) glycohydrolases, nicotinamidase and nicotinic acid phosphoribosyltransferase. The investigations were performed(More)
Exposure of primary rat hepatocytes and human HepG2 cells to allicin and ajoene resulted in the concentration-dependent inhibition of cholesterol biosynthesis at different steps of this metabolic pathway. At low concentrations of ajoene sterol biosynthesis from [14C]acetate in rat hepatocytes was decreased by 18% with an IC50-value of 15 microM, while(More)
The enzyme activities of the pyridine-nucleotide cycle, which transform nicotinic acid mononucleotide (NaMN) into NAD, have been characterized. The investigations were based on the extraction of protein, its purification on disposable gel-filtration columns, and determination of the enzymatic activities by high-performance liquid chromatography techniques.(More)
In tobacco callus, the induction of nicotine synthesis, which stimulates enzyme activities of the ornithine-methylpyrroline route (see the preceding paper), also leads to marked changes in the enzyme activities of the pyridine-nucleotide cycle. This cycle provides the metabolite (probably nicotinic acid) for condensation with methylpyrroline to produce(More)
The alpha-amino group of clupeine fraction Z from herring sperm was coupled with fluorescein. Binding of the labeled protamine by DNA is accompanied by significant fluorescence quenching up to 80%. This allowed the convenient determination of the binding behavior of protamine and DNA. Binding was found to be strongly cooperative and not be significantly(More)
A general picture of the metabolic events which govern to growth behaviour of a batch culture of suspended dedifferentiated cells of Datura innoxia is obtained by following both the uptake and accumulation of the medium phosphate and sucrose by the cells, and the synthesis of RNA, protein and starch. The results are compared with the changes in the(More)
Ajoene (4,5,9-trithiadodeca-1,6,11-triene-9-oxide), a garlic-derived natural compound, which had been shown to have cytostatic/cytotoxic properties, was tested with a B cell lymphoma-derived cell line (BJA-B cells) in order to elucidate its mechanism of cytotoxic action. Viability of the cells was determined by the Trypan blue exclusion test and the(More)
Suspension cultured cells of Catharanthus roseus rapidly consume the inorganic phosphate of the medium and incorporate about 25% of it into their phospholipids. By three different methods of analysis it was shown that from these plant cells phosphorylated phosphatidylinositol species can be extracted; the mono- and diphosphorylated species were detected in(More)
Diacylglycerol kinase (ATP:1,2-diacylglycerol 3-phosphotransferase, EC from suspension-cultured Catharanthus roseus cells was extracted from a membrane fraction with 0.6% Triton X-100 and 150 millimolar NaCl and was purified about 900-fold by DEAE-cellulose, blue Sepharose, gel permeation, and phenyl-Sepharose chromatography. The enzyme is(More)