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BACKGROUND Staphylococcus aureus is one of the major causes of community-acquired and hospital-acquired infections. It produces numerous toxins including superantigens that cause unique disease entities such as toxic-shock syndrome and staphylococcal scarlet fever, and has acquired resistance to practically all antibiotics. Whole genome analysis is a(More)
Orexin-A and -B are recently identified potent orexigenic peptides that are derived from the same precursor peptide and are highly specifically localized in neurons located in the lateral hypothalamic area, a region classically implicated in feeding behavior. We cloned the whole length of the human prepro-orexin gene and corresponding cDNA. The human(More)
The loss of sister chromatid cohesion triggers anaphase spindle movement. The budding yeast Mcd1/Scc1 protein, called cohesin, is required for associating chromatids, and proteins homologous to it exist in a variety of eukaryotes. Mcd1/Scc1 is removed from chromosomes in anaphase and degrades in G1. We show that the fission yeast protein, Mis4, which is(More)
Cohesin complex acts in the formation and maintenance of sister chromatid cohesion during and after S phase. Budding yeast Scc1p/Mcd1p, an essential subunit, is cleaved and dissociates from chromosomes in anaphase, leading to sister chromatid separation. Most cohesin in higher eukaryotes, in contrast, is dissociated from chromosomes well before anaphase.(More)
The properties of Ca2+-activated K+ channels in mouse mammary epithelial cells in primary culture were studied by the patch-clamp technique. In cell-attached patches, spontaneous channel openings were sometimes observed; the slope conductance of the currents was about 12 pS at negative membrane potentials with a physiological solution (152 mM Na+, 5.4 mM(More)
Sister chromatid cohesion is essential for cell viability. We have isolated a novel temperature-sensitive lethal mutant named eso1-H17 that displays spindle assembly checkpoint-dependent mitotic delay and abnormal chromosome segregation. At the permissive temperature, the eso1-H17 mutant shows mild sensitivity to UV irradiation and DNA-damaging chemicals.(More)
A novel phosphorylation-dependent inhibitory protein (IP) of porcine aorta myosin light chain phosphatase (PA-MLCP) was purified to homogeneity from porcine aorta media. The molecular mass of IP was 20 kDa. IP phosphorylated by endogenous potentiating kinase (IP-K) inhibited not only PA-MLCP activity, but also that of the catalytic subunit of protein(More)
STUDY DESIGN The present study retrospectively investigated the morphologic changes that occurred during conservative treatment of patients with unilateral leg pain resulting from herniated nucleus pulposus without significant lumbar canal stenosis. OBJECTIVES The results were correlated with clinical outcomes and extruding forms to determine which type(More)
Ground reaction force during walking was measured and analyzed in 58 patients who had been hemiplegic for more than 6 months. Utilizing the impulse (area between a component curve and the baseline) as an assessment value, several parameters were selected to represent the characteristics of each component curve (vertical, fore-aft and lateral) of the ground(More)
Alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is endemic to Hokkaido, Japan. For the past 20 years, detection of AE among inhabitants has involved serological screening using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) followed by Western blotting (WB). Between the years 1987 and 2000, antigens targeted on 66, 55 and 30-35 kDa bands were routinely used in the WB step of AE(More)