K Fukiyama

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Neurons in the ventrolateral medulla (VLM) mainly determine the tonic sympathetic activity. The caudal VLM (CVLM) relays baroreflex signals to the rostral VLM. We have reported that endogenous angiotensin II (ANG II) contributes to the ongoing activity of the VLM neurons. In the present study, we examined if ANG II endogenous to the CVLM modulates the(More)
The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of L-glutamate and glycine microinjected into the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) in conscious unrestrained rats. Microinjection of 2 nmol of L-glutamate increased the mean arterial pressure (MAP) and renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA) in the conscious rats. The RSNA responses were(More)
1. Components of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) are found in the brain; both outside and inside the blood-brain barrier. 2. Almost all of the classical actions of the brain RAS are attributable to angiotensin (Ang) II and mediated by AT1 receptors. 3. Circumventricular organs (CVO), which lack the blood-brain barrier, are rich in AngII receptors and(More)
The inhibitory action of alpha 2-agonists on the cardiovascular neurons has been elucidated in the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) but not in the caudal ventrolateral medulla (CVLM). Our study aimed to clarify whether microinjection of clonidine into the CVLM elicits any cardiovascular effect and whether endogenous alpha 2-adrenoceptor-mediated(More)
We examined the effects of clonidine injected unilaterally into the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) of conscious, unrestrained rats. We also examined whether the local alpha(2)-adrenoceptor mechanism contributed to the action of clonidine injected into the RVLM. Injection of clonidine but not vehicle solution significantly decreased the mean arterial(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the viability of sympathetic sudomotor fibers in carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). METHODS We recorded sympathetic skin response (SSR) with a multichannel recording system. Forty-four patients with CTS (51 hands), 7 patients (7 hands) with asymptomatic median mononeuropathy at the wrist (MMW), and 20 normal subjects (20 hands) were(More)
A 69-year-old Japanese woman initially noticed difficulty in squatting in the last two years, followed by nasal voice, fatiguability in mastication, and blepharoptosis. On admission to our hospital, in addition to these neurological findings, we detected ectopic arrhythmia and Levine II systolic murmur at the apex region, without any subjective symptoms.(More)
An isomer of ouabain, the ouabain-like compound (OI,C), may participate in the regulation of body fluid volume and vascular tone. Forebrain regions, especially the hypothalamus, are reported to be sites of OLC action in the central nervous system. The medulla oblongata is another critical area involved in central cardiovascular regulation. We reported that(More)
We studied the conduction of the sympathetic skin response (SSR) in the hands of 35 normal subjects by simultaneous recording at five sites. The mean latency of the SSR in all subjects increased from the wrist (W) to the middle phalanx (M), but the SSR latency at the distal phalanx (D) was shorter than that at the middle phalanx. The mean conduction time(More)
To determine whether ouabain-like compound (OLC) exerts modulatory influences on the activity of vasomotor neurons in the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM), we examined the effects of microinjecting ouabain, digoxin-specific antibody Fab fragments, and mAb against ouabain on the rat RVLM. Microinjection of ouabain into the unilateral RVLM of anesthetized(More)