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Super-Kamiokande is the world's largest water Cherenkov detector, with net mass 50,000 tons. Earth's atmosphere, and the K2K long-baseline neutrino beam with high efficiency. These data provided crucial information for our current understanding of neutrino oscillations, as well as setting stringent limits on nucleon decay. In this paper, we describe the(More)
Noninvasive, straightforward methods to inactivate selected proteins in living cells with high spatiotemporal resolution are needed. Chromophore-assisted laser inactivation (CALI) can be used to photochemically inactivate proteins, but it has several drawbacks, such as procedural complexity and nonspecific photodamage. Here we show that by application of(More)
Composition and antifungal activity of essential oils isolated from Hypericum hyssopifolium and Hypericum heterophyllum. Formation of unidentified nitrogen in plants: an implication for a novel nitrogen metabolism. Asymetric transformation of enol acetates with esterases from Marchantia polymorpha. Asymetric reduction of enones with Synechococcus sp. PCC(More)
This paper describes the AC-coupled, single-sided, pin -n silicon microstrip sensors used in the Semiconductor Tracker (SCT) of the ATLAS experiment at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The sensor requirements, specifications and designs are discussed, together with the qualification and quality assurance procedures adopted for their production. The(More)
Fluorescence nanoscopy has revolutionized our ability to visualize biological structures not resolvable by conventional microscopy. However, photodamage induced by intense light exposure has limited its use in live specimens. Here we describe Kohinoor, a fast-switching, positively photoswitchable fluorescent protein, and show that it has high photostability(More)
System level understanding of the cell requires detailed description of the cell state, which is often characterized by the expression levels of proteins. However, understanding the cell state requires comprehensive information of the cell, which is usually obtained from a large number of cells and their disruption. In this study, we used Raman(More)
Using Raman spectral imaging, we visualized the cell state transition during differentiation and constructed hypothetical potential landscapes for attractors of cellular states on a state space composed of parameters related to the shape of the Raman spectra. As models of differentiation, we used the myogenic C2C12 cell line and mouse embryonic stem cells.(More)
In the last couple of decades, the spatial resolution in optical microscopy has increased to unprecedented levels by exploiting the fluorescence properties of the probe. At about the same time, Raman imaging techniques have emerged as a way to image inherent chemical information in a sample without using fluorescent probes. However, in many applications,(More)
Osteoblastic mineralization occurs during the early stages of bone formation. During this mineralization, hydroxyapatite (HA), a major component of bone, is synthesized, generating hard tissue. Many of the mechanisms driving biomineralization remain unclear because the traditional biochemical assays used to investigate them are destructive techniques(More)