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The term 'mastocytosis' denotes a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by abnormal growth and accumulation of mast cells (MC) in one or more organ systems. Over the last 20 years, there has been an evolution in accepted classification systems for this disease. In light of such developments and novel useful markers, it seems appropriate now to(More)
Basophils and mast cells, which are selectively endowed with the high-affinity IgE receptor and mediate a range of adaptive and innate immune responses, have an unknown developmental relationship. Here, by evaluating the expression of the beta7 integrin, a molecule that is required for selective homing of mast cell progenitors (MCPs) to the periphery, we(More)
An inhibitory activity for an erythrocyte in termediate bearing the properdin (P)-stabilized amplification C3 convertase, PC3bBb, was recognized in whole normal human serum and separated from C3b inactivator by its distinct physicochemical and functional characteristics. The inhibitory activity was found to reside in a protein that was purified to(More)
The cysteinyl leukotrienes (cys-LTs) LTC(4), LTD(4), and LTE(4) are a class of peptide-conjugated lipids formed from arachidonic acid and released during activation of mast cells (MCs). We now report that human cord-blood-derived MCs (hMCs) express the CysLT1 receptor, which responds not only to inflammation-derived cys-LTs, but also to a pyrimidinergic(More)
The pharmacologic activities of leukotrienes C-1 and D(LTC-1 and LTD), constituents of slow reacting substance of anaphylaxis (SRS-A), were evaluated in vitro on airway contractile tissues and in vivo on pulmonary mechanical function, mean systemic arterial pressure, and cutaneous microcirculation. In vitro both LTC-1 and LTD were potent and selective(More)
The co-cross-linking of gp49B1, a member of the Ig superfamily containing immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibition motifs, with the high affinity Fc receptor for IgE on mouse bone marrow culture-derived mast cells inhibits IgE-dependent exocytosis and lipid mediator generation. We now describe the cloning of human cDNAs homologous to the mouse gp49 family.(More)
BACKGROUND In January 2008, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention began a nationwide investigation of severe adverse reactions that were first detected in a single hemodialysis facility. Preliminary findings suggested that heparin was a possible cause of the reactions. METHODS Information on clinical manifestations and on exposure was collected(More)
c-kit ligand (KL) activated mouse bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMC) for the dose- and time-dependent release of arachidonic acid from cell membrane phospholipids, with generation of leukotriene (LT) C4 in preference to prostaglandin (PG)D2. KL at concentrations of 10 ng/ml elicited half-maximal eicosanoid generation and at concentrations of > 50 ng/ml(More)
The cysteinyl leukotrienes (cys-LTs) are proinflammatory lipid mediators acting on the type 1 cys-LT receptor (CysLT(1)R) to mediate smooth muscle constriction and vascular permeability. GPR17, a G protein-coupled orphan receptor with homology to the P2Y and cys-LT receptors, failed to mediate calcium flux in response to leukotriene (LT) D(4) with stable(More)