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Mast cells (MCs) arise in situ from circulating stem cell factor (SCF)-dependent committed progenitors (PrMCs) and accumulate at sites of allergic mucosal inflammation. We hypothesized that human (h)PrMCs and their mature counterparts might share overlapping patterns of chemokine and cytokine receptor utilization with eosinophils, basophils, and T helper(More)
Neutrophils serve as a vanguard of the acute innate immune response to invading pathogens. Neutrophils are also abundant at sites of autoimmune inflammation, such as the rheumatoid joint, although their pathophysiologic role is incompletely defined and relevant effector functions remain obscure. Using genetic and pharmacologic approaches in the K/BxN serum(More)
A function of P in the alternative complement pathway is to prolong the first order decay of the hemolytic sites on EAC43B in a dose-dependent manner. As the number of initial convertase sites is not changed, even when activated properdin (P) increases the t1/2 10-fold or more, P acts to stabilize rather than to uncover additional sites. P binds to EAC43(More)
The ear, skin, and purified serosal mast cells of WBB6F1/J-(+/+) (WB-(+/+)) and WCB6F1/J-(+/+) (WC-(+/+)) mice contain high steady-state levels of the transcripts that encode mouse mast cell protease (mMCP) 2, mMCP-4, mMCP-5, mMCP-6, and mouse mast cell carboxypeptidase A (mMC-CPA). In contrast, no mast cell protease transcripts are present in abundance in(More)
In this issue, Matsumoto et al. (1) report that histamine exocytosed from brain mast cells (MCs) after activation by antigenic cross-linking of the high affinity IgE receptor (Fc ⑀ RI) acts via Hl receptors at the hypothalamus to elicit corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF). These findings reveal a homeostatic response to a pathobiologic event in the dog.(More)
A sthma is a complex disorder characterized by intermittent , reversible airway obstruction, and by airway hy-perresponsiveness and inflammation. Although its cause(s) remain unknown, we now recognize that asthma is a syndrome whose common pathologic expression is inflammation of the airways. The airways of patients with even mild asthma are inflamed, and(More)
Normal mouse lungs lack appreciable numbers of mast cells (MCs) or MC progenitors (MCp's), yet the appearance of mature MCs in the tracheobronchial epithelial surface is a characteristic of allergic, T-cell-dependent pulmonary inflammation. We hypothesized that pulmonary inflammation would recruit MCp's to inflamed lungs and that this recruitment would be(More)
Whether or not a nontransformed, mature mouse mast cell (MC) or its committed progenitor can change its granule protease phenotype during inflammatory responses, has not been determined. To address this issue, the granule morphology and protease content of the MC in the jejunum of BALB/c mice exposed to Trichinella spiralis were assessed during the course(More)
Mast cells (MCs) are centrally important in allergic inflammation of the airways, as well as in the intestinal immune response to helminth infection. A single lineage of bone marrow (BM)-derived progenitors emigrates from the circulation and matures into phenotypically distinct MCs in different tissues. Because the mechanisms of MC progenitor (MCp) homing(More)
Normodense human peripheral blood eosinophils were isolated under sterile conditions from the 22/23 and 23/24% interfaces and the cell pellet of metrizamide gradients. After culture for 7 d in RPMI media in the presence of 50 pM biosynthetic (recombinant) human granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor (rH GM-CSF), 43 +/- 7% (mean +/- SEM, n = 8) of(More)