Learn More
Instability of CAG DNA trinucleotide repeats is the mutational mechanism for several neurodegenerative diseases resulting in the expansion of a polyglutamine (polyQ) tract. Proteins with long polyQ tracts have an increased tendency to aggregate, often as truncated fragments forming ubiquitinated intranuclear inclusion bodies. We examined whether similar(More)
Potassium channel mutations have been described in episodic neurological diseases. We report that K+ channel mutations cause disease phenotypes with neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative features. In a Filipino adult-onset ataxia pedigree, the causative gene maps to 19q13, overlapping the SCA13 disease locus described in a French pedigree with(More)
OBJECTIVE To use a statewide population-based genealogic database to evaluate the relationship between Parkinson disease (PD) and cancer subtypes. DESIGN Using a computerized genealogy for the Utah pioneers and their descendants linked to a statewide cancer registry and statewide death certificates, we estimated relative risks for cancer in individuals with(More)
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2) is caused by expansion of a CAG trinucleotide repeat located in the coding region of the human SCA2 gene. Sequence analysis revealed that SCA2 is a novel gene of unknown function. In order to provide insights into the molecular mechanisms of pathogenesis of SCA2 and to identify conserved domains, we isolated and(More)
Ataxin-2, the gene product of the Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 2 (SCA2) gene, is a protein of unknown function with abundant expression in embryonic and adult tissues. Its interaction with A2BP1/Fox-1, a protein with an RNA recognition motif, suggests involvement of ataxin-2 in mRNA translation or transport. To study the effects of in vivo ataxin-2 function,(More)
Schwannomas are common tumors of the nervous system and are frequently found in patients with neurofibromatosis (NF) 2. Although loss of heterozygosity in NF2 tumors suggests that the NF2 gene functions as a tumor suppressor gene, the NF2 gene shows amino acid sequence homology to structural proteins in one of which dominantly acting mutations have been(More)
AIMS Canagliflozin is a sodium glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor in development for treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of canagliflozin in subjects with T2DM and stage 3 chronic kidney disease [CKD; estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥30 and <50 ml/min/1.73 m(2)]. METHODS In this(More)
Polyglutamine-coding (CAG)n repeat expansions in seven different genes cause spinocerebellar ataxias. Although the size of the expansion is negatively correlated with age at onset, it accounts for only 50-70% of its variability. To find other factors involved in this variability, we performed a regression analysis in 1255 affected individuals with(More)
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2) is a human neurodegenerative disease caused by mutation in the ataxin-2 gene on human chromosome 12. Ataxin-2 is a protein of unknown function. We identified a new family of proteins designated as ataxin-2-related proteins (A2RPs), with high homology at the nucleotide and predicted amino acid levels. Ataxin-2 and A2RP(More)
We recently identified KCNC3, encoding the Kv3.3 voltage-gated potassium channel, as the gene mutated in SCA13. One g.10684G>A (p.Arg420His) mutation caused late-onset ataxia resulting in a nonfunctional channel subunit with dominant-negative properties. A French early-onset pedigree with mild mental retardation segregated a g.10767T>C (p.Phe448Leu)(More)