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Perivascular epithelioid cell tumours (PEComas) are a family of tumours including classic angiomyolipoma, lymphangioleiomyomatosis, and clear epithelioid cell tumours reported under a variety of names such as epithelioid angiomyolipoma, pulmonary and extrapulmonary clear cell sugar tumour, and PEComa. Our previous comparative genomic hybridization study of(More)
BACKGROUND Parvin-beta (ParvB), a potential tumour suppressor gene, is a focal adhesion protein. We evaluated the role of ParvB in the upper urinary tract urothelial cell carcinoma (UUT-UC). METHODS ParvB mRNA and proteins levels in UUT-UC tissue were investigated by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis, respectively.(More)
Since it was first introduced more than 30 years ago, clinical simulation has become a popular tool for medical training, particularly in crisis management. The modern high-fidelity patient simulator consists of a whole-body mannequin with integrated electronic patient monitoring; it is controlled by computers capable of simulating numerous clinical(More)
We report a 79-year-old woman with a left side simple renal cyst invaded by infiltrating urothelial carcinoma mimicking a Bosniak Class IV renal cyst. Computerized tomography has high accuracy for the diagnosis of renal cysts and urothelail carcinoma. But, in this case it was still difficult to distinguish a simple renal cyst with infiltrating urothelial(More)
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