Evidence from both clinical studies and animal models suggests that the local anesthetic, lidocaine, is neurotoxic. However, the mechanism of lidocaine-induced toxicity is unknown. To test the hypothesis that toxicity results from a direct action of lidocaine on sensory neurons we performed in vitro histological, electrophysiological and fluorometrical… (More)
BACKGROUND Spinal anaesthesia (SA) has high success rates. However, inadequate block after SA has been reported even in the absence of technical problems. Various mechanisms for failed SA (FSA) have been proposed, but reports of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentrations of local anaesthetics (LA) after FSA are scarce. We report lumbar CSF concentrations of… (More)
Despite a large body of clinical evidence in favour of a local anesthetic effect of clonidine, the underlying mechanism has not yet been elucidated. In this study we have used the sucrose-gap method to measure the effects of clonidine on the electrophysiological properties of nonmyelinated nerve fibers in the rabbit vagus nerve. The results showed that… (More)
We report the successful anaesthetic management of therapeutic abortion under spinal anaesthesia in a 32-yr-old woman with Takayasu's disease. The pathology and pathophysiology of this syndrome and their impact on anaesthesia are discussed.