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Evidence from both clinical studies and animal models suggests that the local anesthetic, lidocaine, is neurotoxic. However, the mechanism of lidocaine-induced toxicity is unknown. To test the hypothesis that toxicity results from a direct action of lidocaine on sensory neurons we performed in vitro histological, electrophysiological and fluorometrical(More)
BACKGROUND Recent evidence suggests that transient neurologic symptoms (TNSs) frequently follow lidocaine spinal anesthesia but are infrequent with bupivacaine. However, identification of a short-acting local anesthetic to substitute for lidocaine for brief surgical procedures remains an important goal. Prilocaine is an amide local anesthetic with a(More)
To determine if gastric intramucosal pH (pHi)-guided therapy reduces the number of complications and length of stay in the intensive care unit (ICU) or the hospital after elective repair of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms. Prospective, randomized study. Surgical intensive care unit (SICU) of a University Hospital. Fifty-five consecutive patients(More)
We recently reported several cases consistent with transient radicular irritation after spinal anesthesia with hyperbaric 5% lidocaine. The present prospective, blind, nonrandomized study was performed to determine the incidence of these transient neurologic symptoms and to identify factors that might be associated with their occurrence. We studied 270(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES In addition to major neurologic injury, local anesthesia toxicity may also include less severe but more common neurologic side effects. The authors recently observed symptoms suggestive of transient radicular irritation in one third of patients after spinal anesthesia with hyperbaric 5% lidocaine, whereas evidence of neurologic(More)
UNLABELLED In patients with difficult airways, the standard of care involves fiberoptic intubation under spontaneous ventilation. However, the safety and feasibility of a fiberoptic intubation teaching program has only been documented in paralyzed and apneic patients, whereas data obtained in patients under spontaneous respiration are limited and(More)
Interruption of daily caffeine consumption can cause caffeine withdrawal headache. As headache ranks among the most frequent minor postoperative sequelae, the impact of perioperative substitution of caffeine on the incidence of postoperative headache was evaluated. Forty patients undergoing minor surgical procedures with general anaesthesia were randomly(More)
BACKGROUND The combined effect of age, weight, height, and vertebral column length (VCL) on the distribution of isobaric 0.5% bupivacaine within the subarachnoid space is unclear. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the combined influence of these patient variables on the upper sensory level and on its predictability. METHODS In 100 patients who(More)
Recent reports suggest that transient neurologic symptoms are common after spinal anesthesia with 5% lidocaine. To determine whether reducing the anesthetic concentration might decrease the incidence of symptoms, 50 ASA class I or II patients undergoing brief gynecologic procedures under spinal anesthesia were randomly allocated to receive 1 mg/kg of either(More)