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The cancellous bone stresses surrounding the femoral component of total hip replacement were investigated using the finite element method. Four versions of a certain femoral hip prosthesis (the Freeman, Corin Medical), cemented, HA coated, press-fit, and press-fit with ridges were analysed. Each model was subjected to two separate load cases with the(More)
Phosphatases are essential for the mineralization of the extracellular matrix within the skeleton. Their precise identities and functions however remain unclear. PHOSPHO1 is a phosphoethanolamine/phosphocholine phosphatase involved in the generation of inorganic phosphate for bone mineralization. It is highly expressed at sites of mineralization in bone and(More)
The cancellous bone stresses within the implanted proximal tibia were examined using a three-dimensional anatomical finite element model. Three versions of a proximal tibial prosthesis were examined: an all polyethylene press-fit design; a metal backed, stemmed press-fit design and a (horizontally) cemented metal backed, stemmed design. All three designs(More)
A 3D finite element (FE) model of an implanted pelvis was developed as part of a project investigating an all-polymer hip resurfacing design. The model was used to compare this novel design with a metal-on-metal design in current use and a metal-on-polymer design typical of early resurfacing implants. The model included forces representing the actions of 22(More)
The polymerization behavior of a new bone cement based on poly(ethylmethacrylate), hydroxyapatite powder and n-butylmethacrylate monomer and a commercial cement have been studied. Polymerization kinetics were analyzed by means of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). DSC data have been used to evaluate a phenomenological model describing the cure(More)
It has been proposed that cortical bone derives its toughness by forming microcracks during the process of crack propagation (J. Biomech. 30 (1997) 763; J. Biomech. 33 (2000) 1169). The purpose of this study was to experimentally validate the previously proposed microcrack-based toughening mechanism in cortical bone. Crack initiation and propagation tests(More)
A fracture mechanics study of cortical bone is presented to investigate the contribution, development morphology of microcracking in cortical bone during crack propagation. Post-hoc analyses of microcrack orientation, crack propagation velocity and fracture surface roughness were conducted on previously tested human and bovine bone compact tension(More)
The aim of this research was to test the hypothesis that the intact femur is loaded predominately in compression. The study was composed of two parts: a finite element analysis of the intact femur to assess if a compressive stress distribution could be achieved in the diaphyseal region of the femur using physiological muscle and joint contact forces; a(More)
A bioabsorbable self-reinforced polylactide/biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) composite is being developed for fracture fixation plates. One manufacturing route is to produce preimpregnated sheets by pulling polylactide (PLA) fibres through a suspension of BCP filler in a PLA solution and compression moulding the prepreg to the desired shape. To aid(More)