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We investigate the influence of the laser prepulse due to amplified spontaneous emission on the acceleration of protons in thin-foil experiments. We show that changing the prepulse duration has a profound effect on the maximum proton energy. We find an optimal value for the target thickness, which strongly depends on the prepulse duration. At this optimal(More)
We describe a XUV spectrometer for the study of dense hot microplasmas at wavelengths between ≈50 and ≈300 Å. It uses a commercially fabricated grazing incidence flat-field reflection grating with 1200 grooves per millimeter. The spectral resolution was optimized by imaging the source on a narrow slit with the help of a curved grazing incidence mirror. The(More)
The harmonic emission from thin solid carbon and aluminum foils, irradiated by 150 fs long frequency-doubled Ti:sapphire laser pulses at lambda=395 nm and peak intensities of a few 10(18) W/cm(2), has been studied. In addition to the harmonics emitted from the front side in the specular direction, we observe harmonics up to the 10th order, including the(More)
X-ray self-emission of radiatively heated materials with different values of Z has been investigated. Thin foils were uniformly heated by a 120-eV Hohlraum radiation of 400-ps duration in order to study the self-emission of a homogeneous, optically thin material. The x-ray emission spectra were followed for more than 2 ns. The spectrally integrated emission(More)
The emission of fundamental and harmonic radiation from the rear side of thin foils in the thickness range 50-460 nm irradiated by intense frequency doubled Ti:sapphire laser pulses of the duration of 150 fs and intensities up to a few 10(18) W/cm(2) was investigated. Following up a previous study of the rear side harmonic emission [Teubner, Phys. Rev.(More)
Absorption of L-M and L-N transitions of nickel has been measured using point projection spectroscopy. The x-ray radiation from laser-irradiated gold cavities was used to heat volumetrically nickel foils "tamped with carbon" up to 20 eV. Experimental spectra have been analyzed with calculations based on the spin-orbit split arrays statistical approach and(More)
Gold pinhole transmission gratings fabricated by Heidenhain GmbH primarily for the purpose of studying the radiation of intense soft x-ray sources have been tested with the synchrotron radiation of BESSY. Typical results for the spectral dependence of the grating efficiency into the various diffraction orders are presented in a wavelength region ranging(More)
The sensitivity of Kodak 101-07 film to 1-keV x-ray photons was measured at extremely different dose rates by using two sources: a laser-produced plasma with nanosecond emission and a CW x-ray source. Whereas almost equal sensitivities were obtained at lower exposures, the γ values and the saturation densities at higher exposures differed in the two cases,(More)
We present time-resolved x-ray spectra of C, F, Na, and Al, generated by focusing ultrashort frequency doubled Ti:sapphire laser pulses on solid plane targets. Using a high resolution x-ray streak camera in combination with a laser triggered accumulation system, we achieved a time resolution of 1.7 ps when adding the x-ray signal of many thousands of laser(More)