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BACKGROUND The arcuate foramen is an important osseous anomaly of the first cervical vertebra (the atlas) that must be taken into consideration during placement of lateral mass screws into the atlas. METHODS The prevalence of this anomaly in our patient population was determined through a retrospective review of 464 lateral radiographs of the neck. The(More)
BACKGROUND Retrospective clinical studies frequently utilize surgeon records as a source of outcomes data. The accuracy of data derived from surgeon records, however, is unknown. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the accuracy of surgeon records in documenting the prevalence of subjective adverse outcomes. METHODS Consecutive patients who(More)
OBJECT Total joint arthroplasties most commonly fail because the implant becomes worn and a host inflammatory response subsequently develops. Both the material response to the biological environment and the host response to the device must be thoroughly evaluated to establish the efficacy of cervical arthroplasty. Analyses of devices explanted in humans(More)
BACKGROUND Surgical site infections are not uncommon following spinal operations, and they can be associated with serious morbidity, mortality, and increased resource utilization. The accurate identification of risk factors is essential to develop strategies to prevent these potentially devastating infections. We conducted a case-control study to determine(More)
Electromyographic responses in 44 shoulders from 30 subjects were examined. Fourteen shoulders from 13 patients had documented rotator cuff tears. The remaining volunteers had normal cuff integrity by history and examination. Electromyographic responses were recorded from the long head of the biceps, brachioradialis (elbow control), and from the(More)
BACKGROUND In a previous prospective, randomized, controlled, double-blinded study on the effect of nerve root blocks on the need for operative treatment of lumbar radicular pain, we found that injections of corticosteroids were more effective than bupivacaine for up to thirteen to twenty-eight months. We performed a minimum five-year followup of those(More)
BACKGROUND It has been our experience that ossification occurs adjacent to anterior cervical plates. Our hypothesis was that the closer the plate is to the adjacent disc space, the greater the ossification. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed the lateral radiographs of the cervical spine of 118 patients who had a solid fusion following an anterior(More)
BACKGROUND The relationship between objective measurements and subjective symptoms of patients with spinal stenosis and the degree of narrowing of the spinal canal is not clear. The purpose of this study was to evaluate patients undergoing surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis and intermittent neurogenic claudication with functional testing, quantitative(More)
BACKGROUND Intravascular injection of particulate steroids during cervical nerve root blocks has been postulated to be a source of catastrophic neurologic complications that might be avoided with the use of non-particulate steroids. The objective of this study was to compare the effects of direct intravascular injection of particulate and non-particulate(More)