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We have cloned and molecularly and functionally characterized the first human member of the family of Ca2+-activated Cl- channels, human (h) CLCA1. The 31,902-bp gene is located on chromosome 1p22-31 and is preceded by a canonic promoter region that contains an L1 transposable element. In contrast to all previously known homologs in other species, hCLCA1 is(More)
The CLCA family of Ca2+-activated Cl- channels has recently been discovered, with an increasing number of closely related members isolated from different species. Here we report the cloning of the second human homolog, hCLCA2, from a human lung cDNA library. Northern blot and RT-PCR analyses revealed additional expression in trachea and mammary gland. A(More)
A protein (mCLCA1) has been cloned from a mouse lung cDNA library that bears strong sequence homology with the recently described bovine tracheal, Ca2+-sensitive chloride channel protein (bCLCA1), bovine lung endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (Lu-ECAM-1), and the human intestinal Ca2+-sensitive chloride channel protein (hCLCA1). In vitro, its(More)
Interleukin (IL)-1 beta has previously been shown to decrease the L-type Ca2+ channel current (ICa,L). Because ceramide has been suggested to mediate many biological effects of IL-1 beta, we examined whether ceramide was involved in the IL-1 beta-induced suppression of ICa,L in adult rat ventricular myocytes. Exposure of myocytes to 5 ng/ml IL-1 beta(More)
The effect and possible signal transduction pathway of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) on the L-type Ca2+ current (ICa,L) in cultured adult rat ventricular myocytes were examined using whole cell patch-clamp techniques. When myocytes were internally dialyzed with a solution containing GTP, IL-1 beta caused a concentration-dependent decrease in the peak ICa,L(More)
Contractions to serotonin (5-HT) and endothelin-1 (ET-1) in infant (0-2 yr) and adult (38-71 yr) vertebral arteries were examined in the presence of either the cyclooxygenase inhibitor indomethacin or NG-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA), an inhibitor of nitric oxide production. In addition, endothelium-dependent relaxations to acetylcholine were characterized(More)
In response to several agonists, tail arteries from spontaneously hypertensive stroke prone rats (SHRSP) contract in an oscillatory manner not observed in tail arteries from normotensive rats. This study evaluated whether oscillations in force development characterize the contractile pattern of vertebral arteries from hypertensive humans. Vertebral arteries(More)
The present study examines the effect of 1,2-dioctanoyl-sn-glycerol (DiC8), a diacylglycerol analogue, on L-type Ca2+ current (ICa,L) in adult rat ventricular myocytes using whole cell patch-clamp techniques. Extracellular application of DiC8 (1-10 microM) resulted in a concentration-dependent inhibition of peak ICa,L (half-maximum inhibitory concentration(More)
Endothelium-dependent vasodilatation to acetylcholine is abnormal in animal models of hypertension. This abnormality reflects a change in the balance of relaxing and contracting factors produced in the vascular wall. In human cerebral arteries, endothelin has been implicated in the abnormal vasoconstrictor response following subarachnoid hemorrhage. This(More)
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