Learn More
Co-treatment of mice infected with different strains of Leishmania donovani with a non-ionic surfactant vesicle formulation of buthionine sulfoximine (BSO-NIV), and sodium stibogluconate (SSG), did not alter indicators of Th1 or Th2 responses but did result in a significant strain-independent up-regulation of IL6 and nitrite levels by stimulated splenocytes(More)
It is well established that a fully competent immune response is required for the successful drug treatment of visceral leishmaniasis. However, recent studies have cast some doubt as to which elements of the immune response synergize with chemotherapeutic treatment. The role of the Th2 response and IL-4 in particular during visceral leishmaniasis awaits(More)
Neutrophils are key components of the inflammatory response and as such contribute to the killing of microorganisms. In addition, recent evidence suggests their involvement in the development of the immune response. The role of neutrophils during the first weeks post-infection with Leishmania donovani was investigated in this study. When L.(More)
Resistance to pentavalent antimonial (Sb(v)) agents such as sodium stibogluconate (SSG) is creating a major problem in the treatment of visceral leishmaniasis. In the present study the in vivo susceptibilities of Leishmania donovani strains, typed as SSG resistant (strain 200011) or SSG sensitive (strain 200016) on the basis of their responses to a single(More)
A study of the antileishmanial efficacy of sodium stibogluconate was carried out in BALB/c mice. The drug was administered to Leishmania donovani-infected animals on days 7 and 8 post-infection in one of three forms; free (40-50 mg Sbv Kg-1), liposomal, or niosomal (6.4-8.0 mg Sbv Kg-1) drug. On day 14 post-infection counts of the number of parasites(More)
BACKGROUND Despite advances in the treatment, the morbidity and mortality rate associated with invasive aspergillosis remains unacceptably high (70-90%) in immunocompromised patients. Amphotericin B (AMB), a polyene antibiotic with broad spectrum antifungal activity appears to be a choice of treatment but is available only as an intravenous formulation;(More)
A transmit-receiver (T/R) switch is fabricated in a 65 nm CMOS process for WLAN 802.11 g applications. By floating the triple well device, the switch achieves low insertion loss, high power handling capability and good linearity simultaneously. In the transmit mode, the switch features 0.8 dB insertion loss, 29 dBm output P1dB and less than 0.2 dB EVM(More)
Amphiphilic chitosan-based polymers (Mw < 20 kDa) self-assemble in aqueous media at low micromolar concentrations to give previously unknown micellar clusters of 100-300 nm in size. Micellar clusters comprise smaller 10-30 nm aggregates, and the nanopolarity/drug incorporation efficiency of their hydrophobic domains can be tailored by varying the degree of(More)
The antileishmanial efficacies of four proprietary amphotericin B (AmB) formulations (Fungizone, AmBisome, Abelcet, and Amphocil) and an experimental nonionic surfactant vesicle (NIV) formulation were compared in a murine model of acute visceral leishmaniasis. By a multiple-dosing regimen, groups of Leishmania donovani-infected BALB/c mice were treated (2.5(More)