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Growth hormone (GH) is generally considered to exert anti-insulin actions, whereas insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) has insulin-like properties. Paradoxically, GH deficient adults and those with acromegaly are both predisposed to insulin resistance, but one cannot extrapolate from these pathological conditions to determine the normal metabolic roles of(More)
The seminal concept proposed by Sir Harold Himsworth more than 75 years ago that a large number of patients with diabetes were 'insulin insensitive', now termed insulin resistance, has now expanded to include several endocrine syndromes, namely those of glucocorticoid excess, and growth hormone excess and deficiency. Synthetic glucocorticoids are(More)
OBJECTIVE Considerable evidence implicates impaired nitric oxide (NO) generation in the pathogenesis of diabetic neuropathic pain. We therefore conducted a pilot study to examine the effects of isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN), a NO donor with local vasodilating properties, in spray form in the management of chronic neuropathic pain. RESEARCH DESIGN AND(More)
High-dose GH administration is commonly associated with impaired insulin sensitivity (S(I)) in humans. Paradoxically we have shown that low-dose GH (1.7 microg/kg.d) administration enhances beta-cell function in young healthy adults. In the present double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over study, we explored the physiological effects of this low GH dose(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Turner's syndrome (TS) is associated with increased insulin resistance and adiposity, which might be associated with type 2 diabetes in later life. We aimed to determine whether the defect in insulin sensitivity is a primary intrinsic defect in TS or dependent on variation in body composition. METHODS Sixteen women with TS not on growth(More)
CONTEXT The use of the combined GHRH and arginine (GHRH-ARG) test has gained increasing acceptance in the United States as a reliable alternative test to the insulin tolerance test (ITT) for diagnosing adult GH deficiency (GHD). In July 2008, the only manufacturer of recombinant GHRH in the United States, EMD Serono, Inc., announced the discontinuation of(More)
GH hypersecretion in type 1 diabetes has been implicated in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance, and microangiopathic complications, and may result from reduced circulating IGF levels. We examined the effects of recombinant human (rh)IGF-I [complexed in equimolar ratio with rhIGF binding protein (BP)-3 (rhIGF-I/IGFBP-3)] replacement on overnight GH(More)
CONTEXT Obesity is associated with diminished GH secretion, which may result in the overdiagnosis of adult GH deficiency (GHD) in overweight/obese pituitary patients. However, there are no body mass index (BMI)-specific peak GH cutoffs for the glucagon stimulation test (GST), the favored dynamic test for assessing adult GHD in the United States. OBJECTIVE(More)
OBJECTIVE Fibromyalgia (FM) is characterized by diffuse pain, fatigue, and sleep disturbances; symptoms that resemble the adult growth hormone (GH) deficiency syndrome. Many FM patients have low serum GH levels, with a hypothesized aetiology of dysregulated GH/insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I axis. The aim of this study was to assess the GH reserve in FM(More)