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We addressed two questions concerned with the metabolic cost and performance of respiratory muscles in healthy young subjects during exercise: 1) does exercise hyperpnea ever attain a "critical useful level"? and 2) is the work of breathing (WV) at maximum O2 uptake (VO2max) fatiguing to the respiratory muscles? During progressive exercise to maximum, we(More)
We studied 12 physically fit (VO2 max = 44 ml.kg-1.min-1) older subjects (age = 63 to 77 yr) who showed the usual age-related declines in lung function (i.e., reduced maximal expiratory flow rates, vital capacity and increased functional residual capacity, closing capacity, and residual volume). We measured the optimal transpulmonary pressures for maximal(More)
In 29 older (69 +/- 1 yr), physically active subjects (VO2max = 44 +/- 2 ml.kg-1.min-1), we determined the effect of an age-related decline in elastic lung recoil (i.e., Vmax50 = 65% of 30-yr-old adults) on the ventilatory response to progressive exercise. More specifically, we assessed if expiratory airflow limits were achieved and how this may modulate(More)
We automated the inert gas rebreathe technique for measurement of end-expiratory lung volume (EELV) during heavy exercise. We also assessed the use of two gas tracers (He and N2) vs. a single gas tracer (He) for measurement of this lung volume and compared the two-tracer EELV to changes in the inspiratory capacity (defined with transpulmonary pressure) and(More)
Efficient automated detection of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) from routine polysomnography (PSG) data is made difficult by the availability of only indirect measurements of breathing. The approach we used to overcome this limitation was to incorporate pulse oximetry into the definitions of apnea and hypopnea. In our algorithm, 1) we begin with the(More)
This thesis explores the commercialization of germanium-based nanocrystal memories. Demand for smaller and faster electronics and embedded systems supports the development of high-density, low-power non-volatile electronic memory devices. Flash memory cells designed for ten years of data retention require the use of a thick tunneling oxide. This compromises(More)
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