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The purpose of the present study was to assess the therapeutic effect of hypothermic retrograde jugular vein flush (HRJVF) on heatstroke. HRJVF was accomplished by infusion of 4 degrees C isotonic sodium chloride solution via the external jugular vein (1.7 mL/100 g of body weight over 5 min). Immediately after the onset of heatstroke, anesthetized rats were(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Alternating hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis mechanisms would lead to multiple organs dysfunction or failure. Herein, we attempt to assess whether hypothalamic inflammation and ischemic and oxidative damage that occurred during heatstroke (HS) can be affected by hyperbaric oxygen (HBO₂) therapy in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.(More)
Evidence has accumulated to suggest that systemic administration of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), in addition to elevating tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) as well as fever, induces overproduction of glutamate, hydroxyl radicals and prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) in the rabbit's hypothalamus. Current(More)
HHP (hypobaric hypoxia preconditioning) induces the overexpression of HSP70 (heat-shock protein 70), as well as tolerance to cerebral ischaemia. In the present study, we hypothesized that HHP would protect against HAE (high-altitude exposure)-induced acute lung injury and oedema via promoting the expression of HSP70 in lungs prior to the onset of HAE. At 2(More)
1. There is evidence that hydroxyl radicals are accumulated and oxidative stress is produced in multiple organs, including the brain, of rats with heat stroke. Herein, we investigated the effect on heat stroke-induced circulatory shock and cerebral ischaemic injury of two free radical scavengers, namely mannitol and alpha-tocopherol. 2.(More)
OBJECTIVE Heatstroke is characterized by hyperthermia, vasoplegic shock, and cerebral ischemia and hypoxia. Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) has been shown to reduce brain ischemia and behavioral dysfunction during cerebral artery occlusion. The efficacy of HBO therapy for resuscitation from heatstroke remains to be determined in the laboratory. DESIGN(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanisms underlying the protective effects of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy on traumatic brain injury (TBI) are unclear. TBI initiates a neuroinflammatory cascade characterized by activation of microglia and increased production of proinflammatory cytokines. In this study, we attempted to ascertain whether the occurrence of(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Repetitive hyperbaric oxygen (HBO2) therapy may cause excessive generation of reactive oxygen species. This study assessed whether repetitive or 2-4-day trials of HBO2 therapy (2 treatments daily for 2-4 consecutive days) provides better effects in reducing brain inflammation and oxidative stress caused by middle cerebral artery occlusion(More)
Construction well divers in Taiwan reportedly suffer a high prevalence of dysbaric osteonecrosis. We studied five divers working at the same construction site. We recorded their diving methods, diving depths, bottom times, work patterns, water temperatures, and heart rates. We also monitored gas bubbles in the subclavian vein in selected dives. A crude but(More)
BACKGROUND The neuroprotective mechanisms of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy on traumatic brain injury (TBI) remain unclear, especially neuronal apoptosis associations such as the expression of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), transforming growth-interacting factor (TGIF), and TGF-β1 after TBI. The aim of this study was to investigate the(More)