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Metabolic profiling of cancer cells has recently been established as a promising tool for the development of therapies and identification of cancer biomarkers. Here we characterized the metabolomic profile of human breast tumors and uncovered intrinsic metabolite signatures in these tumors using an untargeted discovery approach and validation of key(More)
Serum potentially carries an archive of important histological information whose determination could serve to improve early disease detection. The analysis of serum, however, is analytically challenging due to the high dynamic concentration range of constituent protein/peptide species, necessitating extensive fractionation prior to mass spectrometric(More)
The protein content of human serum is composed of a millieu of proteins from almost every type of cell and tissue within the body. The serum proteome has been shown to contain information that directly reflects pathophysiological states and represents an invaluable source of diagnostic information for a variety of different diseases. Unfortunately, the(More)
Global proteomic analyses of pathogens have thus far been limited to unicellular organisms (e.g., protozoa and bacteria). Proteomic analyses of most eukaryotic pathogens (e.g., helminths) have been restricted to specific organs, specific stages, or secretomes. We report here a large-scale proteomic characterization of almost all the major mammalian stages(More)
Enrichment is essential for phosphoproteome analysis because phosphorylated proteins are usually present in cells in low abundance. Recently, titanium dioxide (TiO2) has been demonstrated to enrich phosphopeptides from simple peptide mixtures with high specificity; however, the technology has not been optimized. In the present study, significant(More)
In this study, a multidimensional fractionation approach was combined with MS/MS to increase the capability of characterizing complex protein profiles of mammalian neuronal cells. Proteins extracted from primary cultures of cortical neurons were digested with trypsin followed by fractionation using strong cation exchange chromatography. Each of these(More)
Micellar electrokinetic chromatography (MEKC) was applied for the separation of tryptophan and related indoles. Using a 5 mM sodium borate buffer (pH 9.2) containing 50 mM sodium dodecyl sulfate and 5% acetonitrile, eleven indoles were baseline separated in under 17 min. Most of the indoles were detected at the nM level by native fluorescence using KrF(More)
Direct enantiomeric separations of some racemic amino acids derivatized with 9-fluorenylmethyl chloroformate were obtained using cyclodextrin-modified micellar electrokinetic chromatography (CD/MEKC) with a buffer made up of 5 mM sodium borate (pH 9.2), 150 mM sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and 40 mM gamma-CD. Alternatively, enantiomeric separations were also(More)
Micellar electrokinetic chromatography (MEKC) with laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) was used for the rapid and sensitive detection of hydroxyproline in serum and hydrolyzed urine that were pre-column derivatized with 9-fluorenylmethyl chloroformate (FMOC). The application of the combined o-phthalaldehyde (OPA)/FMOC derivatization in MEKC for the selective(More)