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BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES In human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected persons with pulmonary tuberculosis (TB), sputum may not always show acid fast bacilli (AFB). Moreover, in most cases of suspected extrapulmonary TB (irrespective of HIV status) mycobacteria-containing material is not readily available for investigation. This study evaluated whether(More)
BACKGROUND Accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment of ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) is crucial for good outcomes. Endotracheal suctioning is performed in ventilated patients as part of routine care and for tracheal toileting. AIM We evaluated if quantitative endotracheal aspirate (ETA) was a suitable alternative to bronchoalveolar lavage(More)
OBJECTIVE To establish the role of various risk factors for otitis media among preschool, rural Indian children. METHODS A cross sectional study of 800 children was undertaken to determine the prevalence of otitis media. Thereafter, using a case control study design, all the cases and an equal number of controls were compared in terms of various common(More)
In an attempt to define the epidemiology of Acinetobacter baumannii infection, 27 isolates, obtained from hospital-acquired respiratory infections, were typed using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) profile and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns. Ten different patterns were obtained with ERIC2 primer: 14 isolates had a similar profile representing(More)
We report the first known cases of Fusariosis of maxillary sinus with granuloma and oro-antral fistula in two immunocompetent hosts. Fusarium solani was demonstrated in the direct microscopic examination and isolated in heavy growth from the biopsy materials. Both these patients were successfully treated with oral ketoconazole (200 mg daily) for three weeks(More)
To investigate the dynamics of nasopharyngeal colonization with Streptococcus pneumoniae, and to determine the prevalent serogroups/types (SGT) and their antimicrobial susceptibility, we studied 100 infants attending our well-baby clinic. Nasopharyngeal swab specimens were obtained at 6, 10, 14, 18 and 22 weeks and at 9 and 18 months of age and submitted(More)
Urinary tract infection in pregnancy has not been adequately dealt with in developing countries, though its consequences are well recognised. This is primarily because of constraints on resources coupled with a lack of technological infrastructure. An evaluation of the Griess test for the mass screening of urinary tract infection among antenatal women was(More)
BACKGROUND Accidental needle stick injuries (NSIs) are an occupational hazard for healthcare workers (HCWs). A recent increase in NSIs in a tertiary care hospital lead to a 1-year review of the pattern of injuries, with a view to determine risk factors for injury and potential interventions for prevention. METHODS We reviewed 1-year (July 2006-June 2007)(More)