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Dopamine reaches targets in the outer retina of the clawed frog (Xenopus laevis) by diffusion from a network of dopaminergic cells and processes located predominantly at the junction of inner nuclear and inner plexiform layers. We obtained values for the steady-state release, uptake, and extracellular concentration of dopamine in the retina by a combination(More)
The irreversible receptor antagonist N-ethoxycarbonyl-2-ethoxy-1,2-dihydroquinoline (EEDQ) was used to determine the relationship between receptor occupancy and response at central 5-hydroxytryptamine1A (5-HT1A) serotonin receptors mediating the inhibition of serotonin synthesis in rat cortex and hippocampus. Rats were treated with vehicle or EEDQ (2 or 6(More)
The irreversible dopamine (DA) receptor antagonist N-ethoxy-carbonyl-2-ethoxy-1,2-dihydroquinoline (EEDQ) was used to determine the extent of receptor reserve at DA autoreceptors regulating in vivo tyrosine hydroxylase activity. Rats were treated with vehicle or EEDQ (1 X 0.5-2 X 6 mg/kg, subcutaneously) and, 24 hr later, dose response curves were generated(More)
Irreversible inactivation of both D-1 and D-2 dopamine (DA) receptors by N-ethoxycarbonyl-2-ethoxy-1,2-dihydroquinoline (EEDQ) resulted in complete loss of stereotypy response to R-(-)-N-propylnorapomorphine (NPA; 0.1-1.0 mg/kg, s.c.) 24 hr later. Stereotyped sniffing recovered much more rapidly than oral behaviors. The D-2 antagonist sulpiride (200 mg/kg)(More)
Dose-effect curves were obtained for five specific components of stereotyped behavior (locomotor hyperactivity, rearing, sniffing, grooming and oral activity) elicited by the nonselective dopamine agonists N-propylnorapomorphine (NPA; 0.001-4.5 mg/kg) and apomorphine (APO; 0.3-10.0 mg/kg), the selective D2 agonists LY 171555 (0.1-18.0 mg/kg) and RU 24213(More)
The activation constants (KA; dose required to occupy 50% of receptors) for reversal of gamma-butyrolactone (GBL)-induced elevation of striatal L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA) levels via stimulation of presynaptic dopamine receptors were determined for apomorphine and two dopamine D3 receptor-selective agonists, quinpirole and LY163502 (quinelorane).(More)
Treatment of rats with the peptide coupling agent N-ethoxycarbonyl-2-ethoxy-1,2-dihydroquinoline (6 mg/kg i.p.) irreversibly reduced the binding of [3H]spiperone ([3H]SPIP) and cis-[3H] piflutixol to striatal D2 and D1 receptors, respectively, by 70 to 75%. In each instance only the receptor density was affected, without a change in the dissociation(More)
Irreversible inactivation of striatal D2 dopamine (DA) autoreceptors with N-ethoxycarbonyl-2-ethoxy-1,2-dihydroquinoline (EEDQ) or inactivation of striatal guanine nucleotide binding proteins (G proteins) with pertussis toxin (PT) shifted the dose-response curve for N-n-propylnorapomorphine (NPA)-mediated inhibition of gamma-butyrolactone (GBL)-induced(More)
The mixed 5-hydroxytryptamine1A (5-HT1A) receptor agonist/antagonist 8-[2-[4-(2-methoxyphenyl)-1-piperazinyl]ethyl]-8-azaspirol-[4.5]- decane-7,9-dione (BMY 7378) (5 mg/kg) did not significantly depress body temperature, but pretreatment with BMY 7378 blocked hypothermia induced by the selective 5-HT1A agonist 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin(More)
Agonist competition for [3H]spiperone binding to striatal dopamine D2 receptors was studied in rats rendered supersensitive by chronic treatment with haloperidol. The classical dopamine agonist (-)-N-n-propylnorapomorphine displaced [3H]spiperone biphasically, with IC50 values of 0.5 and 140 nM for the high and low affinity components, respectively. Neither(More)