K B Hoyenga

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According to this theory/review, the cross-culturally common finding of more women than men among the obese is at least in part a consequence of sex differences in evolutionary selection pressure. James and Trayhurn claim that the propensity to obesity is linked to th ability to survive a fast and both may involve reduced heat production. The present theory(More)
Two experiments, with a total of 220 Ss, were conducted to investigate the possibility of illusory movement of a sound source. In Experiment 1 intensity level (from 10 to 60 db SPL) and frequency of an auditory sound (from 1000 to 5000 Hz) were varied while the Ss head was stabilized with a head rest; in Experiment 2, intensity and frequency were also(More)
The number of reported changes in direction of autokinetic movement was assessed as a function of color of the light that served as stimulus, viewing angle (0, 30, or 60 deg of displacement from straight ahead), and dark adaptation. Color and dark adaptation had no significant main effect on the number of reported changes in direction for the red and yellow(More)
The effects of stimulus color and gender upon the perception of an afterimage were examined. The Ss were 32 male and 32 female college undergraduate volunteers. Eight Ss of each gender viewed a pinpoint flash of light through one of four filters: blue-green (Wratten 44A), red (Wratten 92), yellow (Wratten 9), or a neutral (Wratten 96) filter. Each S was(More)
Thirty-two female Ss participated in an experiment in which autokinetic movement (AKM) direction change frequency of an induced afterimage was assessed as a function of stimulus afterimage color (yellow or blue-green) and the presence or absence of eye strain. Afterimage color was found not to affect AKM frequency reports. However, eye strain significantly(More)
In two experiments, with a total of 116 male and female undergraduate S s, predictions were tested from the following hypothesized explanation of autokinetic movement (AKM): undetected eye drifts lead to movement of the AKM target across the retina; this movement or error signal leads to the initiation of a cancelling response, and the AKM is directly due(More)
Autokinetic movement (AKM) as assessed by number of reported direction changes was evaluated for 25 college sophomores as a function of prism displacement strength. The results indicated that the strain on the eye muscles produced by prism displacement significantly affected frequency of direction change reports: the greater the displacement, the fewer the(More)
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