Learn More
BACKGROUND The incidence of and mortality from lung cancer have increased steadily. Most lung cancers are not localised when first detected, but early detection is mandatory to improve prognosis. Since curable early cases are hard to visualise with conventional chest radiography, a new diagnostic means must be found. We assessed whether population-based(More)
We present results for nu(mu) oscillation in the KEK to Kamioka (K2K) long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiment. K2K uses an accelerator-produced nu(mu) beam with a mean energy of 1.3 GeV directed at the Super-Kamiokande detector. We observed the energy-dependent disappearance of nu(mu), which we presume have oscillated to nu(tau). The probability that(More)
To define the role of thromboxane A2 (TxA2) in allergic rhinitis, we examined the effects of the TxA2 receptor antagonist Bay u 3405 (1, 3 and 10 mg/kg, orally) on nasal symptoms, changes in total airway resistance (TAR), histamine hypersensitivity and eosinophil infiltration into the nasal mucosa induced by topical antigen challenge in actively sensitized(More)
To define the role of adenotonsillar hypertrophy and facial morphology in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in children we performed a cephalometric analysis of an OSA group and an age-matched control group. Adenotonsillar hypertrophy was remarkable in OSA children at every age level. Maxillary protrusion expressed by SNA was significantly smaller in the OSA(More)
Adenotonsillar hypertrophy and abnormal facial morphology are thought to be important for the occurrence of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA). We evaluated the effects of adenidectomy and/or tonsillectomy and the relationship between the treatment results and facial morphology in 134 children with OSA. Significant improvements in apnea-hypopnea indes(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the in-vivo plaque composition and characteristics in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) using Virtual Histology intravascular ultrasound (VH IVUS). METHODS In 90 patients with stable angina pectoris, de novo target vessels were studied and plaque components were analysed. Patients were divided into two groups: a diabetic(More)
To define the role of platelet activating factor (PAF) in allergic rhinitis, we examined the effects of anti-PAF agents (WEB2086, SM10661) on the changes of nasal airway resistance (NAR) and nasal symptoms after topical antigen challenge in actively sensitized guinea pigs and compared these with the changes brought by anti-leukotriene (LT) agent (FPL(More)
A rare case of renal cell carcinoma metastasizing to the choroid plexus of the lateral ventricle is reported. A 59-year-old woman was admitted to our institution on November 26, 1987 complaining of left-half headache for one month. She had a past history of right nephrectomy due to renal cell carcinoma 4 years before admission, and of right radical(More)
The peripheral autonomic nervous pathways of the nasal mucosa in dogs were investigated by the horseradish peroxidase (HRP) method. HRP was applied to the nasal mucosa, caudal nasal nerve, ethmoidal nerve, vidian nerve and pterygopalatine ganglion in 20 dogs, and retrogradely labelled neurons were observed in the superior cervical ganglion (SCG) and the(More)
Background:Multiple early gastric cancers (EGCs) may develop in 6–14% of patients even after achieving curative endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD); however, a useful biomarker for predicting recurrence is not available. The present study investigated whether the expression of CD44 variant 9 (CD44v9), a functional cancer stem cell marker, in the primary(More)