Learn More
A 1,2-dioxolane (FINO2) was identified as a lead compound from a screen of organic peroxides. FINO2 does not induce apoptosis, but instead initiates ferroptosis, an iron-dependent, oxidative cell death pathway. Few compounds are known to induce primarily ferroptosis. In contrast to the perceived instability of peroxides, FINO2 was found to be thermally(More)
The three-dimensional structures of dioxocarbenium ions related to glycosyl cations were determined by an analysis of spectroscopic, computational, and reactivity data. Hypothetical low-energy structures of the dioxocarbenium ions were correlated with both experimentally determined (1)H NMR coupling constants and diastereoselectivity results from(More)
Nucleophilic substitution reactions of monosubstituted tetrahydropyran acetals give opposite selectivities when a remote alkyl or alkoxy substituent is present at C-4. Coupled with earlier computational reports on the intermediates of glycosylation reactions, these results are consistent with the preference for the oxocarbenium ion intermediate derived from(More)
The limitations of stereoelectronic models in assessing the stereoselective nucleophilic substitution reactions of cyclic oxocarbenium ions at high reaction rates are discussed. Evidence is provided suggesting that the diastereoselectivity of nucleophilic substitution reactions is attenuated at the limits of diffusion control. The low diastereoselectivities(More)
The copper-catalyzed insertions of nitriles into the Si-C bonds of silacyclopropenes provide azasilacyclopentadienes, which can be converted to allylic amines after reduction and protodesilylation. The enamine functionality of azasilacyclopentadienes also participates in 1,4-addition reactions and undergoes a hydroboration and oxidation sequence to form an(More)
Addition of allylmagnesium reagents to an aliphatic aldehyde bearing a radical clock gave only addition products and no evidence of ring-opened products that would suggest single-electron-transfer reactions. The analogous Barbier reaction also did not provide evidence for a single-electron-transfer mechanism in the addition step. Other Grignard reagents(More)
Electrostatic effects exert strongly stabilizing influences on cations, in many cases controlling the conformational preferences of these cations. The lowest energy conformers are ones where the positive charge is brought closest to substituents bearing partial negative charges. These conformational biases, along with stereoelectronic effects, can control(More)
Mechanistic evidence suggests that the Lewis acid-promoted allylic rearrangement of alpha-silyloxy allylic silanes proceeds along an ionic reaction pathway involving a contact ion pair. The driving force for this transformation is alleviation of steric congestion at the allylic position of the alpha-silyloxy allylic silane and stabilization of pi cc by(More)
Silylene transfer to allylic sulfides results in a formal 1,2-sulfide migration. The rearrangement yields substituted silacyclobutanes, not the expected silacyclopropanes. The silacyclobutanes were elaborated by insertions of carbonyl compounds selectively into one carbon-silicon bond. A mechanism for the 1,2-sulfide migration is proposed involving an(More)