K A Woerpel

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The [3 + 2] annulation reactions of allylic silanes can be utilized to achieve acyclic stereocontrol. This method was employed as a key step in an enantioselective total synthesis of (9S)-dihydroerythronolide A. The key annulation reaction served to establish most of the stereochemistry of the target, including the two tetrasubstituted carbon stereocenters.(More)
Lewis acid-mediated nucleophilic substitution reactions of substituted tetrahydropyran acetates reveal that the conformational preferences of six-membered-ring cations depend significantly upon the electronic nature of the substituent. Nucleophilic substitutions of C-3 and C-4 alkyl-substituted tetrahydropyran acetates proceeded via pseudoequatorially(More)
Nucleophilic substitution reactions of monosubstituted tetrahydropyran acetals give opposite selectivities when a remote alkyl or alkoxy substituent is present at C-4. Coupled with earlier computational reports on the intermediates of glycosylation reactions, these results are consistent with the preference for the oxocarbenium ion intermediate derived from(More)
[reaction: see text] The annulation reactions of alkenes with peroxycarbenium ions enable the synthesis of a variety of functionalizable 1,2-dioxolanes. Triethysilyl-protected peroxycarbenium ions proved to be optimal for the annulation reaction. Using this method, plakinic acid analogues can be synthesized in three steps from the corresponding ketone and(More)
Electrostatic effects exert strongly stabilizing influences on cations, in many cases controlling the conformational preferences of these cations. The lowest energy conformers are ones where the positive charge is brought closest to substituents bearing partial negative charges. These conformational biases, along with stereoelectronic effects, can control(More)
Silacyclopropanes reacted with carbonyl compounds under mild conditions (10 mol % metal salt, e22 °C) in a stereospecific and highly stereo-, regio-, and chemoselective fashion. In most cases, CuI or CuBr2 were the optimal catalysts although ZnBr2 worked comparably well in a few examples. Insertion occurred with retention of configuration and, in the case(More)
The copper-catalyzed insertions of nitriles into the Si-C bonds of silacyclopropenes provide azasilacyclopentadienes, which can be converted to allylic amines after reduction and protodesilylation. The enamine functionality of azasilacyclopentadienes also participates in 1,4-addition reactions and undergoes a hydroboration and oxidation sequence to form an(More)
The limitations of stereoelectronic models in assessing the stereoselective nucleophilic substitution reactions of cyclic oxocarbenium ions at high reaction rates are discussed. Evidence is provided suggesting that the diastereoselectivity of nucleophilic substitution reactions is attenuated at the limits of diffusion control. The low diastereoselectivities(More)
A 1,2-dioxolane (FINO2) was identified as a lead compound from a screen of organic peroxides. FINO2 does not induce apoptosis, but instead initiates ferroptosis, an iron-dependent, oxidative cell death pathway. Few compounds are known to induce primarily ferroptosis. In contrast to the perceived instability of peroxides, FINO2 was found to be thermally(More)