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Retinal neovascularization is the most common cause of blindness; Retinopathy of pre-maturity (ROP) for children and diabetic retinopathy for young age group. ROP still remains as the most serious cause of vision loss in children. We provided that deguelin significantly reduces retinal neovascularization in a mouse model of ROP. Deguelin never affected the(More)
We evaluated the effect of the CYP2C19 genotype on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamcis of clopidogrel. Twenty-four subjects were divided into three groups on the basis of their CYP2C19 genotype: homozygous extensive metabolizers (homoEMs, n = 8), heterozygous EMs (heteroEMs, n = 8), and poor metabolizers (PMs, n = 8). After a single 300-mg loading(More)
The Met receptor tyrosine kinase, found to be constitutively activated in many tumors, has become a leading target for cancer therapy. Disruptions in Met downregulation have been associated with aggressive tumor progression with several therapeutic strategies addressing this aspect of Met biology. Castias B-lineage lymphoma (Cbl) E3 ligase-mediated(More)
Developmental tissues go through regression, remodeling, and apoptosis. In these processes, macrophages phagocytize dead cells and induce apoptosis directly. In hyaloid vascular system (HVS), macrophages induce apoptosis of vascular endothelial cells (VECs) by cooperation between the Wnt and angiopoietin (Ang) pathways through cell–cell interaction.(More)
AIMS Although many studies have reported an association between serum gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) and cardiovascular risk factors, the mechanism of this relationship has not been clarified. METHODS The medical records of 29,959 subjects (age, median 48, range 14-90 years; 16,706 men, 13,253 women) who visited the Center for Health Promotion at Samsung(More)
AIM To compare the diagnostic performances of gadoxetic acid-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and multiphasic multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) in the detection of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with chronic liver disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS Institutional review board approval was obtained for this study and informed consent(More)
Silica exposure results in an initially acute inflammatory response followed by chronic fibrotic change. The mechanism for the maintenance of silica-induced inflammation has not been understood yet. In silica-induced acute inflammation and chronic fibrosis, various mediators such as reactive oxygen species, cytokines and growth factors are released. And(More)
Autoreactive T lymphocytes probably cause pancreatic beta-cell death by inducing apoptosis. To visualize apoptotic beta-cells in vivo, we accelerated diabetes of NOD mice with cyclophosphamide (CY) or adoptive transfer. We also studied whether Fas-mediated apoptosis is involved in the development of diabetes by administrating anti-Fas ligand (FasL) Ab and(More)
A prospective study was performed to evaluate whether pulse inversion harmonic imaging and tissue harmonic imaging improve the lesion conspicuity and change ultrasonographic characteristics of focal hepatic lesions. Three radiologists evaluated 97 focal hepatic lesions by consensus: cirrhosis-related nodules (n = 23), metastases (n = 23), hemangiomas (n =(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the relationship between the metabolic ratio (MR) of metoprolol, CYP2D6*10B genotype, and the disposition of paroxetine in Korean subjects. METHODS A single 40-mg dose of paroxetine was administered orally to one poor metabolizer and 15 healthy subjects recruited from 223 Korean extensive metabolizers whose phenotypes were(More)