K A Karpinia

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Probing pain threshold (PPT) assessments were conducted in the facial and oral sulci of maxillary central incisors and first molars of 10 periodontally healthy adults. All subjects were systemically healthy, free of pain, and reported no current medication usage. A computer-linked electronic probe, modified to deliver steadily increasing forces up to 200(More)
An algometer was developed to provide a variable probing force (0-200 g force) which could be used intraorally. This algometer consisted of an autoclavable probe handpiece attached to an optical encoder, which recorded probing force to a computer when a button was pressed. The probe handpiece included a 0.40 mm diameter hemispherical tip which was placed in(More)
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