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Male alcoholics (n = 460) and drug addicts (n = 282) were evaluated at six-month follow-up after treatment in six rehabilitation programs. Initial analyses of the unstratified samples showed significant patient improvement, but no evidence of differential effectiveness from different treatments or from "matching" patients to treatments. The two samples were(More)
Lengths of stay (LOS) have been markedly reduced since the institution of diagnosis-related groups (DRGs). To determine whether such reductions represent increased efficiency or undertreatment, however, requires that LOS be examined in relation to (1) severity of patient's impairment and (2) treatment outcome. Accordingly, a retrospective analysis was(More)
Few studies have assessed adequately the effectiveness of alcohol and drug abuse treatments using an appropriate range of reliable outcome measures, a representative sample of alcohol and drug abuse treatment modalities, or more than one perspective on treatment effectiveness. This article evaluates substance abuse treatment using a sample of 742 patients(More)
The paper describes a non-intrusive, computer assisted, program evaluation design for matching sub-types of substance abuse patients to appropriate treatment programs in any multi-modal treatment network. The design incorporates the methodological advantages of an experimental paradigm without the administrative and clinical problems of random patient(More)
A comparison was made of the drug-involvement levels and sociocriminal histories at the time of first admission and at readmission of 94 male drug addicts who had initially undergone detoxification and 24 others who had undergone detoxification plus rehabilitation. Results showed only minimal change in the amount and number of drugs used at each admission.(More)
Assessed moral reasoning of 20 male addict patients and 17 nonprofessional male hospital employees by Kohlberg's methods. The mean level of moral reasoning of the drug addict group (2.97) was not found to differ significantly from that of the nonaddict comparison group (2.88). Furthermore, moral reasoning in addicts was not found to be related significantly(More)