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Trehalose is present as a free disaccharide in the cytoplasm of mycobacteria and as a component of cell-wall glycolipids implicated in tissue damage associated with mycobacterial infection. To obtain an overview of trehalose metabolism, we analysed data from the Mycobacterium tuberculosis genome project and identified ORFs with homology to genes encoding(More)
Sixty-two Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates were tested for pyrazinamidase activity, and their pyrazinamide susceptibility was determined by the radiometric method. Sequencing of pncA genes in the 23 resistant strains revealed mutations in 16 pyrazinamidase-negative strains, 11 of which had not been previously described. Six isolates containing wild-type(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis has innate resistance to a range of broad-spectrum antimicrobial agents. This may in part reflect the relative impermeability of the mycobacterial cell wall, but additional specific mechanisms may also be important. In the case of fosfomycin, it has been suggested that a key difference in the active site of the M. tuberculosis(More)
The causative agents of leprosy and tuberculosis, Mycobacterium leprae and Mycobacterium tuberculosis, have a lipid-rich cell envelope which contributes to virulence and antibiotic resistance. Acyl coenzyme A carboxylase, which catalyzes the first committed step of lipid biosynthesis, consists in mycobacteria of two subunits, one of which is biotinylated.(More)
A recombinant plasmid isolated from a Mycobacterium fortuitum genomic library by selection for gentamicin and 2-N'-ethylnetilmicin resistance conferred low-level aminoglycoside and tetracycline resistance when introduced into M. smegmatis. Further characterization of this plasmid allowed the identification of the M. fortuitum tap gene. A homologous gene in(More)
Sequencing 280 bp of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) between the 16S and 23S rRNA genes in a collection of 46 clinical isolates of the Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare complex (MAI complex) identified nine different sequences, grouping these isolates in nine 'ITS sequevars'. This analysis extends the subdivision within the MAI complex to 18 ITS(More)
Production of chimeric and multimeric peptides is of interest for the analysis of topographic relationships between T and B cell stimulatory epitopes. Recombinant DNA technology has certain advantages over conventional chemical peptide synthesis for the production of peptide constructs of large size (more than 40 amino acid residues). We describe a(More)
Brachyspira pilosicoli (formerly Serpulina pilosicoli) causes swine spirochaetosis and can also be isolated fro human faeces, although its role in human disease remains unclear. The genetic and biochemical variations amongst 19 isolates of human spirochaetes from five different countries were evaluated and compared to those found amongst swine isolates of(More)
Sera from lepromatous leprosy patients were used to screen a Mycobacterium leprae lambda gt11 library. Three positive plaques were picked, and lysogens were constructed. Immunoblot analysis showed that all of the lysogens expressed an apparently identical beta-galactosidase fusion protein which reacted strongly with the sera. The 1.7-kbp insert from one(More)
We have constructed a cosmid vector, Tropist3, based on the lambda origin double-cos-site vector Lawrist4, which is designed for efficient cloning and mapping of genomic DNA. Tropist3 contains two cloning sites in addition to the HindIII and BamHI sites present in Lawrist4; a SalI site allows cloning of Sau3AI partial digests following partial filling-in of(More)