K A Appelbaum

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Sixty-six tension headache patients were randomly assigned to one of four conditions for 8 weeks: (a) progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) alone; (b) PMR plus cognitive therapy (PMR + Cog); (c) pseudomeditation, a credible attention-placebo control; or (d) continued headache monitoring. A comparison of overall headache activity (headache index), derived from(More)
Two studies on patients with Chronic, Daily, High Intensity Headache (CDHIHA) are presented. In the first, their response to various self-regulatory (biofeedback, relaxation) treatments was compared to that of case controls matched for age, duration and Ad Hoc Committee diagnoses who had 1-2 headache-free days per week (Group II) and 3-5 headache-free days(More)
'Analgesic rebound headache' is identified by habituation of an individual to pain reducing medication, the exacerbation of headache pain a few hours after medication consumption and a marked increase in headache frequency and intensity for several weeks after medication is discontinued. We describe three studies undertaken to clarify the existence and(More)
One-hundred-sixteen patients suffering from vascular headache (migraine or combined migraine and tension) were, after 4 weeks of pretreatment baseline headache monitoring, randomly assigned to one of four conditions: (a) thermal biofeedback with adjunctive relaxation training (TBF); (b) TBF plus cognitive therapy; (c) pseudomediation as an ostensible(More)
We examined the representatives of baseline headache diary recording periods of 1, 2, 3, and 4 weeks for three kinds of headache disorder--tension, migraine, and combined migraine and tension. For research purposes at pretreatment, 2 weeks of diary recording are preferable for tension headache, while at least 3 weeks are preferred for migraine and combined(More)
We examined the utility of various combinations of relaxation, cognitive coping, and feedback in an uncontrolled series of 16 older headache patients (aged 60 to 77) diagnosed as having tension, mixed, or migraine headache. At 1-month follow-up, statistically and clinically significant reductions were observed in both overall headache activity and(More)
Seventy-six patients with vascular (migraine or mixed migraine and tension) headache (HA) participated in a controlled evaluation of a minimal-therapist-contact, largely home-based, treatment program which combined relaxation (R) training with thermal biofeedback (TBF). One group received TBF + R administered in 3 office visit over 8 weeks, supplemented by(More)
The role of regular home practice of hand warming was examined in the thermal biofeedback (TBF) treatment of vascular (migraine and mixed migraine and tension) headache (HA) by giving 12 sessions (over 6 weeks) of TBF to two groups of vascular HA patients (n = 23 per group). One group was asked to practice regularly at home with a home trainer between(More)