Kênya Silva Cunha

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The genotoxicity of camptothecin (CPT) and its clinical antineoplastic analogues irinotecan (CPT-11) and topotecan (TPT) were evaluated using the wing somatic mutation and recombination test (SMART) in Drosophila melanogaster. These compounds stabilize and trap the topoisomerase I-DNA complex, preventing the religation step of the breakage/rejoining(More)
The somatic mutation and recombination test in Drosophila melanogaster was applied to analyze the mutagenic and recombinagenic activity of the chemotherapeutic drugs cisplatin, paclitaxel, and 5-fluorouracil, comparing the effects observed in combinatory treatments with those observed in single administrations. The results obtained in two different(More)
In this study, the taxanes, paclitaxel and docetaxel were investigated for genotoxicity in the wing spot test of Drosophila melanogaster. These relatively new drugs are used in cancer therapy and show great promise in the treatment of a variety of cancers. Their major cellular target is the alpha,beta-tubulin dimer but, unlike other spindle poisons, they(More)
Two deoxycytidine analogues, 1-beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine (cytosine arabinoside, citarabine, araC) and 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (decitabine, DAC, 5-aza-dC), are the drugs of choice in the treatment of acute myeloid leukaemia. The araC-induced cytotoxicity is a direct result of its interference with nucleic acids synthesis, whereas 5-aza-dC is a potent(More)
In order to assess the safety of the carbon nanotubes to human health and the environment, we investigated the potential toxicity and ability of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (NT), to induce DNA damage by employing the Allium cepa genotoxicity/mutagenicity test and the Somatic Mutation and Recombination Test (SMART) in the fruitfly, Drosophila melanogaster.(More)
This in vivo study investigated the genotoxicity of two dental bonding agents: Adper Single Bond Plus and Prime&Bond 2.1. The somatic mutation and recombination test (SMART) in Drosophila melanogaster was applied to analyse their genotoxicity expressed as homologous mitotic recombination, as well as point and chromosomal mutation. SMART detects the loss of(More)
Lamivudine (3TC) and stavudine (d4T) are nucleoside analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitors employed in antiretroviral therapies. The mutational and recombinational potential as well as the total genetic toxicity was determined for both compounds at concentrations allowing at least 30% survival using the standard version of wing SMART assay. The(More)
In this study, the vinca alkaloids vincristine (VCR), vinblastine (VBL) and vinorelbine (VNR) were investigated for genotoxicity in the wing Somatic Mutation and Recombination Test (SMART) of Drosophila. Our in vivo experiments demonstrated that all drugs assessed induced genetic toxicity, causing increments in the incidence of mutational events, as well as(More)
The simultaneous treatment with the cross-linking agent cisplatin, the radiomimetic antitumoral drug bleomycin, and the anti-metabolite drug 5-fluorouracil has been used as a regimen to treat patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. Considering that these drugs interact directly with DNA, one of the important late-occurring complications(More)
Recent studies have added paclitaxel (PAC) to traditional cisplatin (CIS) regimen to treat squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. The target of these antineoplastic agents is nuclear DNA for CIS and microtubules for PAC, although it is not restricted to malignant cells. In this study, the genotoxicity of the combined treatment of PAC and CIS was(More)