Learn More
The secreted protein sonic hedgehog (Shh) plays an integral role in forming the ventral midline of the vertebrate central nervous system (CNS). In the absence of Shh function, ventral midline development is perturbed resulting in holoprosencephaly (HPE), a structural malformation of the brain, as well as in neuronal patterning and path finding defects along(More)
Holoprosencephaly (HPE) is the most common developmental anomaly of the human forebrain; however, the genetics of this heterogeneous and etiologically complex malformation is incompletely understood. Heterozygous mutations in SIX3, a transcription factor gene expressed in the anterior forebrain and eyes during early vertebrate development, have been(More)
Holoprosencephaly (HPE) is a spectrum of brain and facial malformations primarily reflecting genetic factors, such as chromosomal abnormalities and gene mutations. Here, we present a clinical and molecular analysis of 195 probands with HPE or microforms; approximately 72% of the patients were derived from the Latin American Collaborative Study of Congenital(More)
  • 1