Kênia Balbi El-Jaick

Learn More
The secreted protein sonic hedgehog (Shh) plays an integral role in forming the ventral midline of the vertebrate central nervous system (CNS). In the absence of Shh function, ventral midline development is perturbed resulting in holoprosencephaly (HPE), a structural malformation of the brain, as well as in neuronal patterning and path finding defects along(More)
In humans, SHH haploinsufficiency results in holoprosencephaly (HPE), a defect in anterior midline formation. Despite the importance of maintaining SHH transcript levels above a critical threshold, we know little about the upstream regulators of SHH expression in the forebrain. Here we describe a rare nucleotide variant located 460 kb upstream of SHH in an(More)
Mutations within either the SHH gene or its related pathway components are the most common, and best understood, pathogenetic changes observed in holoprosencephaly patients; this fact is consistent with the essential functions of this gene during forebrain development and patterning. Here we summarize the nature and types of deleterious sequence alterations(More)
Holoprosencephaly (HPE) is the most common structural malformation of the forebrain and face in humans. Our current understanding of the pathogenesis of HPE attempts to integrate genetic susceptibility, evidenced by mutations in the known HPE genes, with the epigenetic influence of environmental factors. Mutations or deletions of the human TGIF gene have(More)
BACKGROUND Single median maxillary central incisor (SMMCI) is a rare anomaly that may occur alone or associated with other conditions, frequently as part of the holoprosencephaly (HPE) spectrum. However, it has been suggested that SMMCI alone, or associated with some midline defects, may be considered a different entity from HPE (OMIM: 147250). Families(More)
Holoprosencephaly (HPE) is the most common developmental anomaly of the human forebrain; however, the genetics of this heterogeneous and etiologically complex malformation is incompletely understood. Heterozygous mutations in SIX3, a transcription factor gene expressed in the anterior forebrain and eyes during early vertebrate development, have been(More)
Here, we report six Brazilian patients with holoprosencephaly caused by SIX3 mutations. Missense mutations were more common than frameshift mutations. Comparison of patients with missense versus frameshift mutations was essentially unremarkable. Our cases suggest that SIX3 mutations result in a more severe phenotype than other gene mutations for(More)
Tuberculosis (TB) is still a major health concern and side-effects related to the treatment, especially drug-induced hepatotoxicity (DIH), should be better investigated. In the present study, a possible association between anti-TB DIH and cigarette smoking, N-acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2), Cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) and Cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) genotypes(More)
The ZIC genes comprise a family of transcriptional factors associated with neural tube defects (NTDs) in mice and with holoprosencephaly in humans. An allelic variant of ZIC2, a CAC repeat within the first exon, was reported in association with an increased risk of non-syndromic NTDs in patients with a Hispanic ethnic background. We investigated whether(More)