Kåre-Olav Stensløkken

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No golden standard exists for normalization of real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT PCR) data and procedures used are often not validated. Numerous studies have indicated that current approaches are inadequate. Here, we report the development of an external RNA control approach. It is the first to add external RNA to tissue on a per(More)
We investigated whether two kinases critical for survival during periods of energy deficiency in anoxia-intolerant mammalian species, AMP-activated kinase (AMPK), and protein kinase B (AKT), are equally important for hypoxic/anoxic survival in the extremely anoxia-tolerant crucian carp (Carassius carassius). We report that phosphorylation of AMPK and AKT in(More)
Like most vertebrates, humans die within minutes when deprived of molecular oxygen (anoxia), in part because of cardiac failure. In contrast, some freshwater turtles can survive anoxia for months at low temperatures, but to do so, they drastically suppress cardiac activity and autonomic cardiovascular control. Although Carassius carassius, the crucian carp,(More)
The crucian carp (Carassius carassius) tolerates anoxia for days to months depending on temperature. During episodes of stress, heat shock proteins (HSPs) are important for limiting cellular damage, mainly by ensuring protein function. Accordingly, we hypothesized that anoxia would change the expression of HSPs and that this response would be temperature(More)
By observing gill blood flow using epi-illuminating microscopy, in parallel with cardiovascular recordings and immunohistochemistry, we have tried to identify the receptor mediating endothelin (ET) type 1 (ET1)-induced pillar cell contraction in the lamellae of the Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua). Intra-arterial injection of the specific ET(B) receptor agonist(More)
The crucian carp, Carassius carassius, survives months without oxygen. During anoxia it needs to keep energy expenditure low, particularly in the brain, with its high rate of ATP use related to neuronal activity. This could be accomplished by reducing neuronal excitability through altered expression of genes involved in excitatory neurotransmission. Through(More)
BACKGROUND Several beneficial effects have been demonstrated for secretogranin II (SgII) in non-cardiac tissue. As cardiac production of chromogranin A and B, two related proteins, is increased in heart failure (HF), we hypothesized that SgII could play a role in cardiovascular pathophysiology. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS SgII production was(More)
The isolated perfused heart is an important model in cardiovascular research. We hypothesized that the perfusion procedure per se will phosphorylate some protein kinases important in pre- and postconditioning. Isolated hearts were Langendorff-perfused for 20 min with or without an intraventricular balloon (rats and mice), or in the working heart mode (mice)(More)
PURPOSE Hyperosmolarity is a common complication in intensive care patients, dysregulating water balance in many organs including brain and heart. The aquaporin (AQP) water channels, in particular AQP1 and -4, have been suggested to play an important role in fluid homeostasis of the myocardium. In many organs AQP expression is regulated by osmolarity,(More)
Aquaporins (AQPs) are channel-forming membrane proteins highly permeable to water. AQP4 is found in mammalian hearts; however, its expression sites, regulation and function are largely unknown. The aim was to investigate cardiac AQP4 expression in humans and mice, its regulation by ischemia and hypoxia, and in particular its role in cardiac ischemic injury(More)