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Tight junctions (TJs) create ion-selective paracellular permeability barriers between extracellular compartments. In the organ of Corti of the inner ear, TJs of the reticular lamina separate K(+)-rich endolymph and Na(+)-rich perilymph. In humans, mutations of the gene encoding claudin 14 TJ protein cause profound deafness but the underlying pathogenesis is(More)
We applied the dopaminergic (DA) neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) to the guinea pig cochlear perilymph. Immunolabeling of lateral olivocochlear (LOC) neurons using antibodies against synaptophysin was reduced after the MPTP treatment. In contrast, labeling of the medial olivocochlear innervation remained intact. As after(More)
Alveolar macrophages (AM) provide one of the first lines of defense against microbial invasion in the lower airways. The role of AM in the clearance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in mice after intrapulmonary challenge was evaluated. AM were depleted by intranasal administration of liposome-encapsulated dichloromethylene diphosphonate. At 24 h following the(More)
Burkholderia cepacia is an opportunistic pathogen that causes severe systemic infections in patients with chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) or with cystic fibrosis (CF), but its mechanisms of virulence are poorly understood. We developed a murine model of systemic infection in wild-type (WT) and gamma interferon knockout (GKO) BALB/c mice to facilitate(More)
The aims of this study were to explore the correlation between DPOAE adaptation magnitude in three different guinea pig strains to examine if the genetic component affects the DPOAE adaptation magnitude. It was also to investigate the correlation between strains with certain characteristics i.e. reduced susceptibility to noise, and early onset of(More)
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