Kärin Fossum

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This investigation was initiated as a consequence of several cases of diarrhea in a nursery ward for preterm babies in Nairobi, Kenya. Ten lactose-positive colonies were isolated from the stools of each of 30 neonates, regardless of whether they had diarrhea; 229 strains were identified as Escherichia coli and 65 strains were identified as Klebsiella(More)
The production of enterotoxins by strains of Staphylococcus aureus of human and animal origin seems to be common. 104 out of 170 strains (61%) produced one or more of the A, B, and C enterotoxins. Strains from cow and milk often produced enterotoxin C, and enterotoxin A producing strains were mainly isolated from dogs. Human food poisoning seemed in our(More)
The transmission of pathogenic bacteria from animals to humans is widely studied because of its public health importance. In this study, we show the transmission of Salmonella typhimurium from cattle which had received no growth-promoting antibiotics to humans who had direct contact with the ill animals. On one cattle farm, the veterinarian attending the(More)
Twelve hundred enterobacterial Escherichia coli isolates of porcine origin were screened phenotypically for antibiotic resistance. The bacteria were isolated from 10 herds of swine with different histories of exposure to antimicrobial agents for therapeutic purposes. The bacterial isolates were part of the normal bacterial flora of the intestines of the(More)
Five strains of hemolytic Escherichia coli isolated from dogs suffering from diarrhea were shown by radioactive and enzyme-labeled oligonucleotide probes to possess genes coding for heat-stable enterotoxin (STIa). Four of the strains were shown by immunoassay (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) and bioassay (infant mouse test) to produce STI in vitro. All(More)
The cellular role of the DNA polymerase encoded by the Saccharomyces cerevisiae POL4 gene is unclear. We have used an epistasis analysis to investigate whether the proteins encoded by the POL4 and RAD27 genes participate in alternative, non-redundant subpathways of DNA base excision repair (BER). We constructed strains in which the genes were deleted singly(More)