Kátia Kaori Otaguiri

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Zika virus (ZIKV), a mosquito-borne flavivirus, belongs to the Flaviviridae family, genus Flavivirus. ZIKV was initially isolated in 1947 from a sentinel monkey in the Zika forest, Uganda. Little clinical importance was attributed to ZIKV, once only few symptomatic cases were reported in some African and Southeast Asiatic countries. This situation changed(More)
Gene therapy by RNA interference (RNAi) is a post-transcriptional silencing process that can suppress the expression of a particular gene and it is a promising therapeutic approach for the treatment of many severe diseases, including cutaneous disorders. However, difficulties related to administration and body distribution limit the clinical use of small(More)
Human parvovirus 4 (PARV4), a Tetraparvovirus, has been largely found in HIV, HBV, or HCV infected individuals. However, there is no data for the PARV4 occurrence in Human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV-1/2) infected individuals, despite similar transmission routes. Here, PARV4 viremia was evaluated in 130 HTLV infected patients under care of a Brazilian HTLV(More)
The infection of human parvovirus B19 (B19V) is a common event in the general population, including volunteer blood donors. In some cases it can be asymptomatic and can remain persistent for a long period of time. The objective of this study was to examine the B19V DNA prevalence and viral load in first-time volunteer blood donors. Blood samples were(More)
HAM/TSP is an inflammatory manifestation of central nervous system caused by HTLV-1 and the mechanism of HAM/TSP development is no well elucidated. Currently , a promising approach on the physiopathogenesis of viral infections has been the evaluation of microRNAs (miRNAs) role. There are few data involving CD4+ T cells miRNA expression in HTLV-1 infection(More)
Although xenotropic murine leukemia virus-related virus (XMRV) has been regarded as a laboratory contaminant, it remains one of the most controversial viruses. The objective of the study was to determine if XMRV is present in 44 patients with beta-thalassemia major, 48 with sickle cell disease, and 89 volunteer blood donors. After RNA/ DNA extraction from(More)
INTRODUCTION American tripanosomiasis (Chagas disease), the second most neglected disease in the world, is caused by the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi. Though natural transmission by insect vectors has been controlled, there is significant risk of T. cruzi transmission by blood transfusion in non-endemic regions, generally due to immigration(More)
Human multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) display immunoregulatory functions that can modulate innate and adaptive cellular immune responses. The suppressive and immunomodulatory activities of MSC occur by the action of soluble factors that are constitu-tively produced and released by these cells or alternatively , after induction of MSC stimuli in(More)
Approximately 5% of human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1)-infected individuals will develop one of the HTLV-1-related diseases, such as HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) or adult T-cell leukemia. However, the mechanisms responsible for the appearance of symptoms have not been fully clarified. It is believed that viral(More)
Accurate diagnostic tests are powerful tool to control the spread of the human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV) infection. In Brazil, the currently applied diagnostic algorithm for HTLV-1/2 screening is based on serologi-cal tests (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay followed by Western Blot). However this algorithm is unsuitable due to its high cost and the(More)