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Plant species have evolved a wide variety of flowering habits, each adapted to maximize reproductive success in their local environment. Even within a species, accessions from different environments can exhibit markedly different flowering behavior. In Arabidopsis, some accessions are rapid-cycling summer annuals, whereas others accessions are late(More)
The timing of flowering is important for the reproductive success of plants. Here we describe the identification and characterization of a new MADS-box gene, FLOWERING LOCUS M (FLM), which is involved in the transition from vegetative to reproductive development. FLM is similar in amino-acid sequence to FLC, another MADS-box gene involved in flowering-time(More)
Transposable elements are used in heterologous plant hosts to clone genes by insertional mutagenesis. The Activator (Ac) transposable element has been cloned from maize, and introduced into a variety of plants. However, differences in regulation and transposition frequency have been observed between different host plants. The cause of this variability is(More)
Katia C. Scortecci1, Silvana Creste2, Tercilio Calsa Jr.3, Mauro A. Xavier2, Marcos G. A. Landell2, Antonio Figueira4 and Vagner A. Benedito5* 1Department of Cell Biology and Genetics, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), Natal, RN 2Centro de Cana – Instituto Agronômico de Campinas (IAC), Ribeirão Preto, SP 3Department of Genetics,(More)
Retrotransposons are ubiquitous mobile genetic elements that transpose through an RNA intermediate. One of the best known plant retrotransposon, Tnt1, was isolated from tobacco and showed an extensive distribution in the Nicotiana genus. We investigated the presence of related sequences in the Lycopersicon genus, another member of the Solanaceae family.(More)
We have introduced the maize Ac transposable element in Arabidopsis thaliana and found that after three selfing generations, the element is immobile and extensively methylated. Moreover, the nopaline synthase (nos) gene present on the same transferred T-DNA, was active early after transformation and regeneration, but inactive in most of the S1 progeny. We(More)
The role of phosphorus (P) status in root-zone CO(2) utilisation for organic acid synthesis during Al(3+) toxicity was assessed. Root-zone CO(2) can be incorporated into organic acids via Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPC, EC 4.1.1.31). P-deficiency and Al(3+) toxicity can induce organic acid synthesis, but it is unknown how P status affects the(More)
Sulfated polysaccharides (SP) are found mainly in seaweeds and animals. To date, they have only been found in six plants and all inhabit saline environments. Furthermore, there are no reports of SP in freshwater or terrestrial plants. As such, this study investigated the presence of SP in freshwaters Eichhornia crassipes, Egeria densa, Egeria naja, Cabomba(More)
Sugarcane is the source of sugar in all tropical and subtropical countries and is becoming increasingly important for bio-based fuels. However, its large (10 Gb), polyploid, complex genome has hindered genome based breeding efforts. Here we release the largest and most diverse set of sugarcane genome sequences to date, as part of an on-going initiative to(More)
FLOWERING LOCUS M (FLM) is a MADS-domain gene that acts as an inhibitor of flowering in Arabidopsis. Here we describe the genetic interaction of FLM with genes in the photoperiod and autonomous flowering pathways. Although the sequence of FLM is most similar to that of FLC, FLM and FLC interact with different flowering pathways. It has been previously shown(More)